in the country. Given the paradigm shift in the skilling ecosystem in the country and the
      experience gained through implementation of various skill development programmes in the
      country, there was an imminent need to revisit the earlier policy. Moreover, the 2009 policy itself
      provided for review every five years to align the policy framework with the emerging trends in
      the national and international milieu. Accordingly the new National Policy on Skill Development
      and Entrepreneurship was notified 2015 which replaces the policy of 2009.
            The skill component of the policy addresses key issues in the skill landscape: low
      aspirational value, non-integration with formal education, lack of focus on outcomes, quality of
      training infrastructure and trainers, among others. The policy aims to align supply with demand,
      bridge existing skill gaps, promote industry engagement, operationalise a quality assurance
      framework, leverage technology and promote apprenticeship to tackle the identified issues. It
      also aims to promote equitable skilling opportunities for socially/ geographically marginalised
      and disadvantaged groups as well as women.
            In the entrepreneurship domain, the policy seeks to promote an entrepreneurial culture
      through advocacy and integration of entrepreneurship education as a part of formal/skill
      education, enhance support for entrepreneurs in terms of credit and market linkages, foster
      innovation-driven and social enterprises and improve ease of doing business. It also suggests
      ways to further fillip entrepreneurship among women besides endeavouring to meet the
      entrepreneurial needs of socially/geographically marginalised and disadvantaged groups.
      Schemes & Initiatives
      Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
            PMKVY is the flagship outcome-based skill training scheme of this Ministry. The objective
      of this skill certification and reward scheme is to enable and mobilize a large number of youth to
      take up outcome based skill training to become employable and earn their livelihood.
            The scheme was launched in 2015. The PMKVY is being implemented by the Centre along
      with the states.
      Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK)
            This Ministry through National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), implements
      Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) Scheme for setting up of model skill centre in every
      district of the country while ensuring coverage of all the parliamentary constituencies.
            The PMKK envisages to: create benchmark institutions that demonstrate aspirational value
      for competency based skill development training at district level to ensure wider reach of
      programme focus on elements of quality, sustainability and connect with stakeholders in skills
      delivery process; transform from a mandate driven footloose model to a sustainable institutional
      Schemes for Entrepreneurship
      Pradhan Mantri Yuva Yojana
            This Scheme aims at creating an enabling eco-system for entrepreneurship promotion
      among youth through entrepreneurship education and training, advocacy, easy access to
      entrepreneurship support network and promotion of social entrepreneurship. The specific