were found wanting to deal with this menace. Specially equipped and trained forces like SAS of
      UK, Delta Force of USA and GSG-9 of West Germany were raised abroad. The need for creating
      a special force for executing surgical operations based on tactical intelligence was felt in India
      when Operation Blue Star was carried out by the army at the Golden Temple, Amritsar in 1984.
      National Security Guard (NSG) was conceptualised and created after studying and analysing
      Special Force like SAS in the United Kingdom, GIGN in France, GSG-9 in Germany, Shar-et-
      matkal in Israel and Delta Force in the USA. Accordingly, NSG was raised in October, 1985 as a
      Federal Contingency Force under the MHA. It consists of selected and highly motivated
      personnel from the army as well as the central armed police. 53 per cent of the personnel are
      drawn from the army while the central armed police like BSF, CRPF and ITBP contribute 47 per
      cent. NSG has a glorious heritage and is held in high esteem by the nation. Since raising, its
      commandos have been employed in 114 major successful counter terrorist operations, earning
      numerous awards and rewards including three Ashok Chakras, two Kirti Chakras, three Shaurya
      Chakras and 10 PPMG. Nine NSG Commandos have also made the supreme sacrifice in living
      up to the NSG’s motto of Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha.
      Relevant Website: www.nsg.gov.in
      Central Reserve Police Force
           The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) was formed in July 1939 at Neemuch as the
      Crown Representative’s Police. After independence it was renamed as the Central Reserve Police
      Force and Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, the then Home Minister had visualized a multi-dimensional
      role for it. The CRPF has innumerable achievements to its credit. It was the CRPF which bore
      the brunt of the first onslaught of the Chinese aggression at Hot Springs in Ladakh in 1959 when
      a small CRPF patrol was ambushed and heavily out-numbered by the Chinese army. In the
      ensuing battle, 10 CRPF men laid down their lives. Every year 21st October is observed as the
      Police Commemoration Day. The force proved its mettle in 1965 when a small contingent of
      Second Bn CRPF, successfully fought and repulsed an attack by a Pakistani Brigade on 9th April
      at Sardar Post in Gujarat, killing 34 Pakistani soldiers and capturing 4 alive. Never in the history
      of military battles have a handful policemen fought back a full-fledged infantry brigade in such a
      manner. In this incident six valiant CRPF men also laid down their lives. As a tribute to the saga
      of our brave men, 9th April is now befittingly celebrated as “Valour Day” in the Force.
           The CRPF has also been deployed internationally at Kosovo, Haiti and Sri Lanka. In Sri
      Lanka, two CRPF Battalions and one company of Mahila Battalion were a part of the Indian
      Peace Keeping Force. The first major offensive of the LTTE directed against the CRPF, using
      unconventional warfare was successfully repelled. Now, for the first time in the history of UN, a
      fully formed women’s unit is posted in Liberia as a part of United Nations Peacekeeping
      Mission. On December 13, 2001 when the terrorists attacked the Parliament House it was the
      brave CRPF who successfully foiled the attack. In exchange of fire, all the five militants were
      eliminated. Mahila Ct Kamlesh Kumari who sacrificed her life during the incident was, for her
      exemplary bravery, awarded the highest peacetime Gallantry Award ‘Ashok Chakra’
      posthumously. When 5 armed terrorists tried to storm the Ram Janambhoomi/Babri Masjid
      Complex in Ayodhya in July, 2005 and had penetrated the outer security rings, they were
      confronted by the CRPF posted at the inner security ring. The CRPF Jawans fought bravely and
      thwarted the evil designs of the terrorists and successfully eliminated all of them on the spot.
           From a single battalion in 1939 the Force has now grown to four zones, 20 Adm. Sectors, 2