respective state police forces till Indo-Pak war in September, 1965. Certain inherent
      shortcomings of this arrangement came to light during the war and it was decided to have one
      single force under the Union of India for guarding the international borders with Pakistan.
           Border Security Force was raised in 1965 with the strength of 25 Battalions and 3 Coys.
      Over the years, the Force has grown in size and as on date, it has 186 Battalions including 3
      NDRF battalions, 5 major training institutions, 11 subsidiary training centres and 03 minor
      training institutions. The Force Headquarter is in New Delhi. Its field formations includes 2
      Special Directorates General (Spl DsG) i.e. Spl DG (Eastern Command) and Spl DG (Western
      Command), 13 Frontiers and 46 sector headquarters, water wing, air wing and other ancillary
      units. The sanctioned strength of BSF as on 31.12.2016 is 2,57,363.
           BSF’s role during peace time is as: (i) to promote a sense of security among the people
      living in the border areas; (ii) to prevent trans-border crimes, unauthorized entry into or exit from
      the territory of India; (iii) to prevent smuggling and any other illegal activities on the border; (iv)
      anti-infiltraton duties; and (v) to collect trans-border intelligence. Its role during war time is as:
      (i) holding ground in assigned sectors; limited aggressive action against central armed police or
      irregular forces of the enemy; (iii) maintenance of law and order in enemy territory administered
      under the army’s control; (iv) guarding of prisoners of war camps; (v) acting as guides to the
      army in border areas; (vi) assistance in control of refugees; (vii) provision of sectors; and (viii)
      performing special tasks connected with intelligence including raids.
      Relevant Website: www.bsf.nic.in
      Assam Rifles
           The Assam Rifles raised as Catchar Levy in 1835 is the oldest Central Para Military Force
      in India. The Force was raised primarily to guard the alluvial plains of Assam from the wild and
      unruly tribes inhabiting the surrounding hill tracts. This was the earliest embodied unit of what
      eventually developed into the Assam Rifles. Gradually more such units were raised and
      employed for establishing posts in the interior and thus acted as the strong arm of the civil
      administration in extending the authority of the Britishers. The Force also helped in opening up
      these inaccessible and isolated areas and in undertaking development activities; earning many
      accolades from the administration. The Assam Rifles’ contribution towards assimilation of the
      people of the north-east into the national mainstream is truly monumental. Their long association
      with the region reflects in the force being fondly called “The Sentinel of the North-East” and
      “Friends of the Hill People” security in the north-eastern region and guarding the Indo-Myanmar
      border.
           It has its headquarters at Shillong and the Force is completely deployed in the North East for
      guarding the Indo-Myanmar Border, spread over 1,631 kilometres. It functions under the control
      of Ministry of Home Affairs. The Force comprises a Directorate General headquarter, three
      Inspectorate General headquarters, 12 sector headquarters, 46 battalions, one training centre and
      the administrative elements with a total strength of 63,747 personnel.
      Relevant Website: www.assamrifles.gov.in
      National Security Guard
           Terrorism, both national and international raised its head in the west during the seventies. It
      manifested in many forms including hijacking of aircraft, taking of hostages, assassination of
      dignitaries and others. The normal law and order machinery and the defence forces of the West