Management Act.
      Enforcement Agencies
            The police force in the country is entrusted with the responsibility of maintenance of public
      order and prevention and detection of crimes. Public order and police being state subjects under
      the Constitution, police is maintained and controlled by states. The police force in a state is
      headed by the Director General of Police/ Inspector General of Police. State is divided into
      convenient territorial divisions called ranges and each police range is under the administrative
      control of a Deputy Inspector General of Police. A number of districts constitute the range.
      District police is further sub-divided into police divisions, circles and police stations. Besides the
      civil police, states also maintain their own armed police and have separate intelligence branches,
      crime branches, etc. Police set up in big cities like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru,
      Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Pune, etc., is directly under a Commissioner of Police who
      enjoys magisterial powers. All senior police posts in various states are manned by the Indian
      Police Service (IPS) cadres, recruitment to which is made on All-India basis.
            The central government maintains Central Police forces, Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central
      Bureau of Investigation (CBI), institutions for training of police officers and forensic science
      institutions to assist the states in gathering intelligence, in maintaining law and order, in
      investigating special crime cases and in providing training to the senior police officers of the
      state governments.
      Indo-Tibetan Border Police
            The ITBP was raised in the wake of Chinese aggression in 1962 with a modest strength of 4
      Bns under an integrated ‘guerilla-cum-intellgence-cum-fighting Force’ self-contained in
      supplies, communication and intelligence collection. It has evolved with passage of time into a
      conventional border guarding Force. Today, ITBPF guards 3,488 kms of Indo-China Border and
      is manning 173 Border Out Posts (BOPs) with altitudes ranging from 9,000 feet to 18,750 feet in
      the western, middle and eastern sector of the Indo-China Border along the Himalayas from
      Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Jachep La in Arunachal Pradesh. 8 ITBPF Bns are deployed in
      Maoist affected areas of Chhattisgarh. The Force operates through 05 frontier headquarters, 14
      sector headquarters, 56 service battalions, 02 DM battalions, 04 specialized battalions and 14
      training centres with a total sanctioned strength of 89,432.
            ITBP is basically a mountain trained force and most of the officers and men are
      professionally trained mountaineers and skiers. They have scaled more than 180 Himalayan
      peaks including Mt. Everest four times including the 2012 expedition. ITBP mountaineers have
      also successfully climbed peaks in Nepal, Iran, Japan and South America. ITBP skiers have been
      national champions and have taken part in winter olympics. It has also participated in
      adventurous White Water Rafting, through turbulent and mighty waters of the Brahamputra, the
      Indus and the Ganges and has international achievements to its credit in this field.
      Relevant Website:
      Border Security Force
            International borders of India with Pakistan both east and west were being manned by the