Subsequently, to implement the NPPP-2012, the new Drugs (Prices Control) Order, 2013
      was notified in 2013 to control the prices of specified dosages and strengths as under National
      List of Essential Medicines-2011(NLEM-2011). This was modified to include medicines
      included in NLEM-2015 in 2016 after the same was received from Ministry of Health and
      Family Welfare that had constituted an Expert Core Committee to review and recommend the
      revision of National List of Essential Medicines (NLEM-2011) in the context of contemporary
      knowledge of use of therapeutic products.
      Medical Devices
           Medical devices industry is a multi-product industry, producing wide range of products.
      India is growing as a key market for Medical Devices and Diagnostics. Indian Medical Devices
      industry depends on imports up to an extent of almost 70 per cent. Most hi-tech innovative
      products and technology originate from a well-developed eco-system and innovation cycle which
      needs to be developed in India to promote indigenous industry and to reduce our dependence on
      imports. In 2014, the government launched the “Make in India” campaign, with the objective of
      making India a global manufacturing hub; thus, bringing foreign technology and capital into the
      country.
      Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana
           The Jan Aushadhi Scheme was launched in 2008 with the aim of selling affordable generic
      medicines through dedicated sales outlets i.e., Jan Aushadhi Stores in various districts across the
      country. Some of the objectives of the scheme include: ensure access to quality medicines;
      extend coverage of quality generic medicines so as to reduce and thereby redefine the unit cost of
      treatment per person; create awareness about generic medicines through education and publicity
      so that quality is not synonymous with only high price ; The first Jan Aushadhi Store was opened
      at Amritsar in Punjab in 2008. The original target of the campaign was to establish Jan Aushadhi
      Stores in every district of our country. Recently, “Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Yojana”
      (PMJAY) has been renamed as “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana” (PMBJP) and
      “Pradhan Mantri Jan Aushadhi Kendra” (PMJAK) as “Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi
      Kendra” (PMBJK).
      Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited
           Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Limited (IDPL) was incorporated in 1961 with the
      primary objective of creating self-sufficiency in essential life saving drugs and medicines. The
      company has presently three manufacturing plants, one each at Rishikesh (Uttarakhand),
      Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) and Gurgaon (Haryana). IDPL has two wholly owned subsidiaries,
      namely, IDPL Ltd., Chennai (Tamil Nadu) and Bihar Drugs and Organic Chemicals Ltd. at
      Muzaffarpur (Bihar). In addition, IDPL has two joint sector undertakings, promoted in
      collaboration with the respective state governments. These are Rajasthan Drugs and
      Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (RDPL), Jaipur, and Orissa Drugs and Chemicals Ltd. (ODCL),
      Bhubaneshwar. However, the government has decided to de-link RDPL from IDPL and the
      process of delinking is underway.
      Relevant Website: www.idplindia.in
      Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited
           Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited (BCPL) was a sick company in the private