Organization (JMO) of Fertilizers Corporation of India Limited (FCIL).
      Relevant Website: www.fagmil.nic.in
      Chemicals and Petrochemicals
           The Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was under the Ministry of Industry until
      1989, when it was brought under the Ministry of Petroleum and Chemicals. In 1991, the
      Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals was transferred to the Ministry of Chemicals and
      Fertilizers. The Department is entrusted with the responsibility of planning, development and
      regulations of the chemicals, petrochemicals and pharmaceutical industry sector, inducting:
      drugs and pharmaceuticals, excluding those specifically allotted to other departments;
      insecticides excluding the administration of the Insecticides Act, 1968; molasses; alcohol -
      industrial and potable from the molasses route; all organic and inorganic chemicals not
      specifically allotted to any other ministry or department; petrochemicals; synthetic rubber;
      planning, development and control of, and assistance to, all industries dealt with by the
      Department.
      Relevant Website: www.chemicals.nic.in
      Chemicals and Petrochemicals Industry
           The chemical and petrochemical industry is a knowledge and capital intensive industry. It is
      an integral constituent of the growing Indian Industry. It includes basic chemicals and its
      products, petrochemicals, fertilizers, paints, varnishes, gases, soaps, perfumes and toiletry and
      pharmaceuticals. This industry occupies a pivotal position in meeting basic needs and improving
      quality of life. The industry is the mainstay of industrial and agricultural development of the
      country and provides building blocks for several downstream industries, such as textiles, papers,
      paints, soaps, detergents, pharmaceuticals, varnish, etc.
           India produces a large number of fine and speciality Chemicals, which have very specific
      uses and find wide usage as food additives, pigments, polymer additives and anti-oxidants in the
      rubber industry, etc. In the chemical sector, 100 per cent FDI is permissible. Manufacture of
      most of the chemical and petrochemical products is de-licensed. The entrepreneurs need to
      submit an Industrial Entrepreneurs’ Memorandum (IEM) to the Department of Industrial Policy
      and Promotion provided no locational angle is applicable. Only the following items are covered
      in the compulsory licensing list because of their hazardous nature:- hydrocyanic acid and its
      derivatives; phosgene and its derivatives; and isocynates and di-isocynates of hydrocarbons.
           Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals is implementing the three schemes under the
      National Policy on Petrochemicals:- (i) setting up of plastic parks; (ii) setting up of Centres of
      Excellence in Polymer Technology; and (iii) national awards for technology innovation in
      petrochemical and downstream plastic processing industry.
      Petroleum Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Regions
           The Petroleum Chemical and Petrochemical Investment Regions (PCPIR) Policy, is to
      promote the petroleum chemical and petrochemical sector in an integrated and environmental
      friendly manner on a large scale. The policy document put in place in 2007 is also available on
      the web site of the department. www.chemicals.nic.in