Department of Fertilizers comes under the ambit of Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
The main objective of the Department is to ensure adequate and timely availability of fertilizers
at affordable prices for maximizing agricultural production in the country. The main functions of
the Department include planning, promotion and development of the fertilizers industry,
planning and monitoring of production, import and distribution of fertilizers and management of
financial assistance by way of subsidy/concession for indigenous and imported fertilizers.
The Department has one attached office under it, viz., Fertilizers Industry Coordination
Committee (FICC). It also administers 9 Fertilizer Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs).
Agriculture which accounts for about one seventh of the GDP, provides sustenance to nearly
two-third of our population, Besides, it provides crucial backward and forward linkages to the
rest of economy. Successive five-year Plans have laid emphasis on self-sufficiency and self-
reliance in food grain production and concerted efforts in this direction have resulted in
substantial increase in agriculture production and productivity. In meeting the domestic
requirement of food grains and also generating exportable surpluses, the significant role played
by chemical fertilizers is well recognized.
Relevant Website: www.fert.nic.in
Public Sector Undertakings
Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited
Incorporated in 1961, FCI was re-organized along with National Fertilizers Corporation Ltd
(NFCL) from 1978 into five companies namely, FCI, NFL, Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Ltd.
(HFCL), Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Ltd. (RCFL) and Projects and Development India
Ltd. (PDIL). Following re-organisation, FCI comprised four units located at Sindri (Jharkhand),
Gorakhpur (Uttar Pradesh), Ramagundam (Andhra Pradesh) and Talcher (Odisha), with a total
annual capacity of 5.87 lakh MT of nitrogen besides an abandoned project at Korbe
Relevant Website: www.fertcorpindia.nic.in
Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited
The Hindustan Fertilizer Corporation Limited (HFCL) was incorporated in 1978 as a result
of the reorganization of the erstwhile Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited (FCIL), and NFL
Group of Companies. The HFCL comprised Barauni Unit (Bihar), Durgapur Unit and Haldia
Project (West Bengal) and Namrup Unit (Assam). The Namrup Unit was hived off from 2002 to
form a separate entity with the name of Brahmaputra Valley Fertilizer Corporation Ltd
Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilizers Limited
Rashtriya Chemicals and Fertilisers Limited (RCF) was incorporated as a separate company
in 1978 as a result of reorganization of the erstwhile Fertilizer Corporation of India Limited. At
the time of its formation, the company had only one operating unit at Trombay (near Mumbai)
and two major projects under implementation viz. Trombay-IV and Trombay-V expansion. The
gas based Thal-Vaishet fertilizer complex about 100 kms from Trombay, was later implemented
by RCF and it commenced commercial production in 1985.