45 million people employed directly, this industry is one of the largest sources of employment
      generation in the country.
            In keeping with goal of making India’s development inclusive and participative, the
      government’s central focus has been on increasing textile manufacturing by building the best-in-
      class manufacturing infrastructure, upgradation of technology fostering innovation, enhancing
      skills and traditional strengths in the textile sector.
      Relevant Website: www.texmein.nic.in
            India Handloom Brand: Indian handlooms have worldwide recognition through India
      Handloom Brand (IHB) which guarantees high quality, authentic handloom items made with
      organic substance. It has partnered with 100 retail stores to sell the exclusive IHB items from
      their stores. 25 retail stores across India have started operations. 23 garment manufacturers are
      working with the IHB producers for sourcing the fabrics from IHB registered weavers and have
      designed and launched a separate range of garments. Leading garment brands have been working
      with IHB in bringing out a separate range of garment line using handlooms. BIBA, Peter
      England, ONAYA have already launched a separate range of handloom garments. In order to
      provide direct marketing platform to handloom weavers/artisans, 21 leading e-commerce
      companies have been engaged for on-line marketing of handloom products.
            Silk in the Indian subcontinent is a luxury item. In India, about 97 per cent of the raw
      mulberry silk is produced in the five states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, West
      Bengal and Jammu and Kashmir. Three other commercially important types of silk fall into the
      category of non-mulberry silks namely: eri; tasar; and muga.
            Cotton is one of the most important cash crops in India and the country accounts for around
      25 per cent of the total global fibre production. In the raw material consumption basket of the
      Indian textile industry, the proportion of cotton is around 59 per cent. Cotton sustains the
      livelihood of an estimated 5.8 million cotton farmers and 40-50 million people engaged in
      related activities such as cotton processing and trade. India has the largest area under cotton in
      the world with around 105 lakh hectares under cotton cultivation which is around 35 per cent of
      the world area. To support the cotton industry, Government of India announces Minimum
      Support Price (MSP) for two basic staples groups viz., medium staple and long staple cotton.
      Cotton Corporation of India (CCI), a Public Sector Undertaking under the Textile Ministry, is the
      principal agency of Government of India for undertaking MSP operations in the event of
      prevailing seed cotton (kapas) price touching the MSP level.
            India is the largest producer of jute in the world with an average production of about 80 lakh
      bales of raw jute annually. The Government of India provides support to the jute growers not
      only through MSP operation by the Jute Corporation of India but also through direct purchase of
      jute sacking valued at around ₹ 6000 crore annually for packing foodgrains by invoking
      provisions under the Jute Packaging Material (Compulsory Use in Packing Commodities) Act,
      1987. This is a major support not only to the jute farmers but also to jute mill workers. A