industry can be categorized into four sectors - large, medium, small and tiny. A major portion of
this industry is made up of small and medium units/enterprises (SMEs). The industry was
previously labour intensive but with increasing globalization it is becoming more capital
intensive. Among the industries that depend on forgings are automotive; agricultural machinery
and equipment; valves, fittings, and petrochemical applications; hand tools and hardware; off-
highway and rail-road equipment; general industrial equipment; ordnance, marine and aerospace.
The key driver of demand of forging is the automobile industry. About 65 per cent of the total
forging production is used in this sector.
Bicycle Industry: The bicycle industry of India is one of the most established industries.
India is the second largest bicycle producer of the world, next only to China. Most of the
manufacturing units are located in Punjab and Tamil Nadu with Ludhiana (Punjab) being a major
bicycle production hub. The industry is making an endeavour for enhancing export since there is
a significant scope for export of bicycles, bicycle spare parts and bicycle accessories. Bicycle
companies are now focusing on urban markets and are looking to expand their base in the
professional and adventure categories.
Food Processing Machinery: The Indian market for food processing machinery has been
growing steadily fuelled by strong domestic demand for processed food and beverage products
spurred by increase in income level, increasing number of women joining the work force, rapid
urbanization, changing life style and mass media promotion. The most promising areas of growth
are fruit and vegetable processing, meat, poultry, dairy and seafood, packaged/convenience food,
soft drinks and grain processing. Food processing sector is expected to grow at a healthy pace
considering the rapid changes in food habits and consumerist culture developing in the country.
The machinery manufacturers have honed their expertise in manufacturing dairy machinery and
other core equipment of food processing machinery.
Packaging Machinery Industry: Packaging of consumer products or industrial products is
emerging as the USP in the marketing strategies. Developments in packaging technology have
not only contributed to improving the aesthetic appeal of the products but also the shelf life. In
some cases specialized packaging becomes a technical necessity. Considering the growth
prospects in industrial sector and growing consumer awareness of packaging, it is expected that
there would be substantial growth in this area. There is a wide range of packaging machinery
available in the country covering packaging of vast range of items. Some of the commonly
available packing machinery includes machines for coding and on-line printing machines,
feeding and labelling machines, strip packaging, form fill and seal machines, carton filling, fully
automatic bag making machinery and automatic microprocessor controlled packaging machines.
Water Pollution Control Equipment: Due to growing awareness regarding water pollution
and stringent environmental control standards being enforced for various uses including process
industries, the water/waste water treatment industry is poised for huge growth. The various
categories of water pollution control equipment broadly include waste water treatment plants,
drinking water treatment plants and effluent treatment plants. Water/waste water treatment is the
process of removing contaminants and it includes physical, chemical and biological processes to
remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. The primary treatment is the first step in
the treatment process and involves the removal of pollutants that settles or floats. The common
industrial equipments are clarifiers and oil - water separator devices. The secondary treatment is
designed to substantially degrade the biological content of the sewage. The common equipments
are activated sludge, filters, biological reactors etc. The tertiary treatment is a polishing step to