manufacturing and is capable of producing world class tiles.
Tyre & Tubes Industry: Tyres play an integral role to ensure mobility including movement
of passengers and essential goods across the urban and rural landscape of the country using all
types of vehicles ranging from carts, tractors, trucks and buses to the latest generation passenger
cars that ply on the modern expressways. All types of tyres required to meet the domestic
demand are manufactured in India. These tyres include moped tyre weighing 1.5 kg to off the
road tyres for earth movers which weigh 1.5 tonnes, bias ply tyres to rugged all steel radial truck
tyres to high performance passenger car radial and tubeless tyres etc. India is one of the few
countries worldwide which has attained self-sufficiency in manufacturing a wide range of tyres
for all applications. With the objective of ensuring the safety of human lives and vehicles and
also availability of quality products, a Quality (Control) Order for Pneumatic Tyres and Tubes
for Automotive Vehicles was notified by the Department in 2009. This prohibits import, sale or
distribution of pneumatic tyres and tubes which do not conform to the specified Bureau of Indian
Standard and which do not bear the standard mark. Indian Tyre industry consists of 39
companies with 60 tyre manufacturing plants. The large tyre companies are namely, MRF Ltd.,
Apollo Tyres, JK Tyres, CEAT, Goodyear, Modi Rubber, etc. Three Indian companies (MRF
Ltd., Apollo Tyres and J K Tyres) are in the list of top 25 Global Tyre companies.
Rubber Goods Industry: The rubber goods industry excluding tyre and tubes consists of
4550 small and tiny units generating about 5.50 lakh direct jobs. The rubber industry
manufactures a wide range of products like rubber cots and aprons, contraceptives, footwear,
rubber hoses, cables, camelback, battery boxes, latex products, conveyor belts, surgical gloves,
balloons, rubber moulded goods, etc. The main raw materials used by the rubber goods
manufacturing industry are natural rubber, various types of synthetic rubber, carbon black,
rubber chemicals, etc.
Cigarette Industry: The cigarette industry is an agro-based labour intensive industry.
Cigarette included in the First Schedule to the Industries (Development & Regulations) Act,
1951 requires industrial license.
Paints & Allied Products: The paints and allied Industry which has been exempted from
compulsory licensing, mainly consists of paints, enamels, varnishes, pigments, printing inks, etc.
These play a vital role in the economy by way of protecting national assets from corrosion.
These items are manufactured both in the organized and small scale sector.
Glass Industry: Glass industry comes under the category of de-licensed. It covers seven
items such as flat glass (including sheet, float, figured, wired, safety, mirror glass), glass fiber
and glass wool, hollow glassware, laboratory glassware, table and kitchen glassware, glass
bangles and other glassware. There has been growing acceptability of the Indian flat glass
products in the global market. The Indian manufacturers had explored new markets. There is
considerable scope in demand for glass fibre products particularly due to growth in
petrochemical sector and allied products.
Paper Industry: India rules as one of the fastest growing paper market in the world. The
growing knowledge base coupled with synergistic contributions from flagship schemes, namely,
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, (SSA) Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), Inclusive
Education for the Disabled at Secondary School (IEDSS), adult education, Right to Education
and central government scholarship and education loan scheme, assured a robust demand for
paper and paper board. The industry was de-licensed in July, 1997. As per the the present policy,