up a programme of building pentagon of industrial corridors across the country with an objective
to provide developed land and quality infrastructure for development of industrial townships.
Performance of Eight Core Industries
The Index of Eight Core Industries (ICI) monitors production of eight core industries i.e.,
coal, crude oil, natural gas, refinery products, fertilizers, steel, cement and electricity every
month. In line with the base year change in IIP, the Office of the Economic Adviser, Department
of Industrial Policy and Promotion, revised the base year of Index of Eight Core Industries to
2011-12. These eight industries have combined weight of around 40.27 per cent in Index of
Industrial Production (IIP).
Leather industry plays an important role in the Indian economy in view of its substantial
overall output, export earnings and employment potential. The export of leather and leather
products from the country has undergone a structural change in the last two decades, share of
leather footwear, leather garments, leather goods, and several articles of leather in the total
exports has increased substantially as a result of government’s policy to encourage export of
value added leather products.
Indian Leather Development Programme
Indian Leather Development Programme (ILDP) aims at augmenting raw material base through
modernization and technology upgradation of leather units, addressing environmental concerns,
human resource development, supporting traditional leather artisans, addressing infrastructure
constraints and establishing institutional facilities.
Cement Industry: Cement is one of the most technologically advanced industries in the
country. The industry plays a crucial role in the development of housing and infrastructure sector
of the economy. Price and distribution control of cement has been removed since 1989 and
cement industry was de-licensed in 1991 under Industrial (Development & Regulation) Act,
1951. Since then, this industry has progressed well both in capacity/production and as well as in
process technology. India is producing, different varieties of cement like Ordinary Portland
Cement (OPC), Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC), Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement (PBFS),
Oil Well Cement, White Cement, etc. These different varieties of cement are produced as per
Bureau of Indian Standard (BIS) specifications and its quality is comparable with the best in the
world. Cement cannot be sold in the country without BIS mark. Indian cement industry has
managed to keep pace with global technological advancement. Induction of advanced technology
has helped industry immensely to improve its efficiency by conserving energy, fuel and
addressing environmental concerns. India is the second largest manufacturer of cement after
China in the world.
Ceramic Industry: The Ceramic industry is about 50 years old. It comprises ceramic tiles,
sanitary-ware and crockery. Ceramic products are manufactured both in the large and small-scale
sector with wide variation in type, size, quality and standard by the national and regional players.
India continues to rank No.3 in terms of production and consumption of tiles in the world after
China and Brazil. The industry gives direct and indirect employment to over 2 lakh people. With
the majority of raw materials necessary for the production of tiles available in the country, the
Indian tile industry has kept pace with the times embracing modern technology in designing and