Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has been implementing a centrally sponsored
      scheme Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) since
      2013 for reducing the poverty and vulnerability of urban poor households. The Mission covers
      all the statutory towns in the country, to be decided by the state as per local need and capability.
            Its major components include: (a) social Mobilization and Institutional Development
      (SM&ID), which envisages mobilisation of urban poor women, differently-abled men and men
      in vulnerable occupations into thrift and credit based Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and their
      federations/ collectives; (b) employment through Skill Training and Placement (EST&P) for skill
      development of urban poor in market-oriented courses to enable them to earn sustainable
      livelihoods; (c) self-employment Programme (SEP) provides interest subvention on loans to
      individuals/groups of urban poor for setting up self-employment ventures/ micro-enterprises; (d)
      support to urban street vendors to support pro-vendor planning, development of vendors’ market,
      credit enablement, socio-economic survey of street vendors, skill development and micro-
      enterprises development and convergence with social assistance under various schemes of the
      Government; (e) innovative and Special Projects (I&SP) to promote pioneering efforts, aimed at
      catalysing sustainable approaches to urban livelihoods through Public, Private and Community
      Partnership (PPCP).
      Welfare of Street Vendors
            The objective of the Street Vendors (Protection of Livelihood and Regulation of Street
      Vending) Act, 2014 is to protect the rights of urban street vendors and to regulate street vending
      activities. States/UTs (with legislature) are the appropriate government for framing of rules and
      schemes under Street Vendors’ Act for their respective states/UTs. Ministry being the
      appropriate Government for UTs (without legislature) has framed rules and schemes under the
      said Act. So far 28 states/UTs viz., Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Andaman and Nicobar Islands,
      Bihar, Chandigarh, Chhattisgarh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Diu and Daman, Delhi, Gujarat, Goa,
      Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha,
      Punjab, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura, Maharashtra, Manipur, Puducherry,
      Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh have notified Rules and 19 states/UTs viz., Andhra Pradesh,
      Delhi, Jharkhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil
      Nadu, Tripura, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Telangana, Chandigarh, Dadra and
      Nagar Haveli, Diu and Daman and Andaman Nicobar and Islands have notified the scheme.
      Real Estate Act
            The Union Cabinet approved the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill in 2015. It
      became an Act in 2016. It is aimed at establishing the Real Estate Regulatory Authority for
      regulations and promotion of the real estate and protecting the interest of the consumers. The Act
      is applicable to 35 states/UTs, except J&K. Out of these, 6 north eastern states have some
      constitutional issues relating to land belonging to community and autonomous councils and these
      are under examination. Out of the remaining 29 states/UTs, 26 states/UTs have notified the Real
      Estate Rules under the Act. 24 states/UTs have notified Real Estate Agreement of Sale Rules
      along with General Rules and other forms required as per the Act. Other 3 states have drafted the
      rules but have not yet notified. 8 states/UTs have established permanent Real Estate Regulatory
      Authority. 21 states/UTs have established interim Real Estate Regulatory Authority. In Gujarat,
      Tamil Nadu and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Appellate Tribunal has been set up. 11