Housing and Urban Affairs
           THE Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is entrusted with the responsibility
      of broad policy formulation and monitoring of programmes regarding urban housing and urban
      development. It is the nodal Ministry for planning and coordination of urban transport matters at
      the central level. Urban development is a state subject and the Constitution (Seventy-Fourth)
      Amendment Act, 1992 enjoins upon the state governments to delegate many functions to urban
      local bodies. Government of India, however, plays a coordinating and monitoring role and also
      supports various urban housing programmes, urban livelihood mission and overall urban
      development through Central and Centrally Sponsored Schemes. The Ministry addresses various
      issues relevant to urban sector through appropriate policy guidelines, subordinate legislation and
      sectoral programmes.
      Relevant Website: www.mohua.gov.in
           Urbanization in India has become an important and irreversible process, and it is an
      important determinant of national economic growth and poverty reduction. The process of
      urbanization has been characterized by a dramatic increase in the number of large cities, although
      India may be said to be in the midst of transition from a predominantly rural to a quasi-urban
      society. The 2030 development agenda of the United Nations has emphasized the role of
      sustainable cities by incorporating Sustainable Development Goal (SDG), i.e., Sustainable Cities
      and Communities for making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and
      sustainable. As per the Census of India 2011, the population of India is 1,210.50 million, of
      which 377.10 million (31.2 per cent) is urban and 833.40 million (68.8 per cent) is rural. The
      urban population is located in 7,933 towns, comprising 4,041 statutory towns and 3,892 census
      towns. During 2001-2011, in absolute terms, the decadal increase in urban population was 90.99
      million vis-à-vis 90.97 million in rural population. At current rate of growth, urban population
      estimated to reach a staggering 575 million by 2030 and 875 million by 2050.
      Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Housing for All (Urban)
           Mission Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) for ensuring housing for all in urban areas
      was launched in 2015 which is to be implemented during 2015-2022. The Mission provides
      central assistance to all eligible families/ beneficiaries across all statutory towns for houses
      included under the mission. States/UTs will have the flexibility to include the Planning Areas (to
      the exclusion of rural areas) as notified with respect to Statutory Towns and such Planning Areas
      (to the exclusion of rural areas) as notified by development authorities. To address Housing for
      All in urban area, the Mission has four verticals: (a) In-situ Slum Redevelopment (ISSR) with
      participation of private developers using land as resource for providing housing to eligible slum
      dwellers; (b) affordable housing through credit-linked subsidy scheme (CLSS now renamed as
      CLSS for EWS/LIG); (c) affordable Housing in Partnership (AHP) with public and private
      sectors; (d) subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction/ enhancements; size of
      house for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) is 30 sq. mt., in carpet area but states have
      flexibility to enhance the size of houses in consultation with the Ministry. EWS family has been
      defined as family with annual income upto ₹ 3 lakh and LIG with annual income between ₹ 3-6