towards the systematic development of this system and recorded their experiences in Tamil
           The physicians from the time of Hippocrates (around 400 B.C.) had observed that certain
      substances could produce symptoms of a disease in healthy people similar to those of people
      suffering from the disease. Dr. Christian Friedrich Samuel Hahnemann, a German physician
      scientifically examined this phenomenon and codified the fundamental principles of
      Homoeopathy. Homoeopathy was brought into India around 1810 A.D. by European
      missionaries and received official recognition by a Resolution passed by the Constituent
      Assembly in 1948 and then by the Parliament.
           Sowa-Rigpa is among the oldest surviving health traditions of the world with a living
      history of more than 2500 years. It has been in vogue and practised in Himalayan regions
      throughout particularly in Leh and Laddakh (J&K), Himachal Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh,
      Sikkim, Darjeeling, etc. Sowa-Rigpa is effective in managing chronic diseases like asthma,
      bronchitis, arthritis, etc. The basic theory of Sowa-Rigpa is explained in terms of (i)the body and
      the mind as the locus of treatment; (ii)antidote, i.e., the treatment;(iii) the method of treatment
      through antidote;(iv)medicines that cure the disease and lastly (v) pharmacology. Sowa-Rigpa
      emphasizes the importance of the five cosmological physical elements in the formation of the
      human body, the nature of disorders and the remedial measures.
      Ayush Healthcare Infrastructure
           National AYUSH Mission (NAM) was notified in 2014 which envisages better access to
      AYUSH services including co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs),
      Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals(DHs), upgradation of existing
      Government AYUSH Hospitals, upgradation of existing government/ panchayat/ government
      aided AYUSH dispensaries and setting up of upto 50 bedded integrated AYUSH hospitals. It
      also envisages strengthening of AYUSH educational institutions, facilitate the enforcement of
      quality control of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy (ASU &H) drugs and sustainable
      availability of ASU & H raw-materials in the States/UTs during 12th Plan.
      Ayush Drug Quality Control
           Ministry of AYUSH has a Drug Control Cell to look after and co-ordinate in matters related
      to Ayurvedic, Siddha , Unani and homoeopathy (ASU&H) drugs. In addition, the Ministry has
      taken up amendment of the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945 for promoting scientific data based
      shelf life studies and prohibition of the use of prefix and suffix with the names of classical
      formulations. Under the centrally sponsored initiative of the National AYUSH Mission, grant-in-
      aid is provided to the states for strengthening of infrastructural, functional and regulatory
      capacity for manufacturing and testing of drugs and enforcement of the regulatory provisions.
      Capacity building programmes for the regulatory and scientific staff of the states are regularly
      organized at the Pharmacopoeial Laboratory of Indian Medicine (PLIM) and the Homoeopathy
      Pharmacopoeial Laboratory (HPL).
      Medical Education in Ayush