scientific questions to tackle TB in a mission mode.
            TB Diagnostic Initiative: Truenat Rif, an indigenous, cost effective, rapid molecular
      diagnostic kit for TB/MDR-TB has been developed in collaboration with ICMR, DBT and the
      industry. Feasibility study is currently underway across 100 districts. Active case finding pilot
      project initiated in five states for bridging gap in last mile delivery of services amongst tribal
      e-Health/M-Health and use of Space Technology Tools
            With the changing time, ICMR is focusing its efforts on using e-Health/ M-Health and
      promote the use of space technology tools. ICMR has developed-a mobile based disease
      surveillance system for malaria (MosQuit) using mobile platform. This technology has been
      developed by RMRC, Dibrugarh in collaboration with CDAC, Pune, which has been deployed in
      Tengaghat PHC of Assam. ICMR has also developed various e-learning programmes in Health
      Research as well as prepared databases like TB-Drugs, DDRTB, Food and Nutrition Database,
      etc. To address the impact of climate change on human health and promote use of space
      technology tools ICMR has developed an early warning system of JE for Upper Assam, initiated
      studies on mapping of malaria and mosquito-genic conditions, developed models for predicting
      filariasis. These efforts will be up-scaled for larger use in the coming year.
      Disease Burden Estimation
            State-level disease burden estimation launched at the Univ of Washington, USA in
      collaboration with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, to generate state-level disease
      burden and risk factors estimates to improve health programmes and planning in India.
            Preparedness to handle Zika virus outbreak: ICMR-NIV established surveillance at 25 sites
      in the country for Zika testing. Repeated training and capacity building done for 25 labs + 11
      IDSP labs. Four cases of Zika virus were detected through ICMR’s surveillance network (3 in
      Gujarat and 1 in Tamil Nadu). Entomological surveillance for ZV also established.
            National Rotavirus surveillance network (NRSN) (2012-2016): The study carried out at 4
      Major referral labs, 7 ICMR’s Regional labs and 23 hospital sites to see the trend in burden of
      rotavirus diarrhoea as well as impact of rotavirus vaccine under Universal Immunization
      Relevant Website:
            The Ministry of AYUSH was formed in 2014 to ensure the optimal development and
      propagation of AYUSH systems of health care. Earlier it was known as Department of Indian
      System of Medicine and Homoeopathy (ISM&H) which was created in 1995 and renamed as
      Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy(AYUSH) in
      2003, with focused attention for development of education and research in ayurveda, yoga and
      naturopathy, unani, siddha and homoeopathy. The latest addition to the AYUSH group of health
      care systems is sowa-rigpa, the Tibetian health tradition.
            Relevant Website:
            Ayush Systems of Healthcare