Assembly 2017, UN Health Assembly, etc. While India hosted the 2017 BRICS event, MoHFW
      coordinated the health ministers meet to advocate for continued support of member nations on
      health issues viz. TB, medical devices and AMR etc. India is the founding member of the
      Partners in Population & Development (PPD) - an Inter-Governmental Organization, formed
      during the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994 for
      promoting South-South Cooperation in the field of Reproductive Health, Population and
      Development. MoHFW held and inaugurated the Seventh Session of the Conference of the
      Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).
      Health Research
      Indian Council of Medical Research
            As one of the oldest medical research bodies in the world, the Indian Council of Medical
      Research (ICMR) was established in 1911 as the Indian Research Fund Association (IRFA). For
      over a century, ICMR has spearheaded planning, formulation, coordination, implementation, and
      promotion of biomedical research both in India and internationally. It has remained the apex and
      premier medical research organization in the country through its commitments to research,
      professional development, collaboration, and knowledge dissemination. Across its 32 research
      institutes as well as through extramural funding of research institutes, medical colleges, and non-
      governmental organizations, ICMR has made significant scientific contributions to
      understanding various diseases of national importance such as malaria, Japanese encephalitis,
      tuberculosis, AIDS, Kala-azar, Filariasis, Leprosy and Poliomyelitis. ICMR has also
      demonstrated its commitment to current public health concerns including nutrition, reproduction
      and maternal and child health, occupational and environmental health and health systems
      research. Its research output and impact has demonstrated considerable and constant growth.
            ICMR has also demonstrated its commitment to the future of medical research through its
      professional development training and capacity building. This includes training programmes,
      workshops, and short-term research studentships for those preparing for a career in medicine and
      medical research. It also includes research fellowships and short-term visiting fellowships for
      upcoming researchers to expand their skills and knowledge early in their career. ICMR also
      offers Emeritus Scientist positions to enable retired medical scientists and teachers to continue to
      carry out research on specific topics.
            The impact of ICMR spans across the globe with research collaborations spanning every
      continent. This includes the review and approval of 553 international projects, including 68
      funded by ICMR, in the last few years alone. Also, through ICMR’s Memoranda of
      Understandings (MoUs), it has partnered with leading universities from around the world to
      concentrate efforts on leading health issues such as cancer, diabetes, infectious diseases, and
      vaccine development. These collaborations facilitate the exchange of scientific information,
      training, joint projects, and co-authorship of meetings, workshops, seminars, and symposia
      presentations.
      Flagship Programmes
            The India TB Research Consortium: ICMR took a lead and initiated a new flagship
      programme to establish India TB research and development consortium that aims to bring
      together all major national players (with international collaborators) to address overarching