tetanus case per 1,000 live birth in every district per annum. India has been validated for
Maternal and Neonatal tetanus elimination in May 2015. India achieved MNT Elimination
through the strengthening of health systems by innovative programmes like Janani Suraksha
Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karayakaram (JSSK) to improve institutional delivery
and by strengthening Routine Immunization.
Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV): In concurrence with the World Polio End Game
strategy, IPV was introduced in November 2015 in six states and expanded throughout the
country by June 2016. Till August 2017, around 2.79 crore doses of IPV have been administered
to children since its introduction.
Rotavirus Vaccine: This vaccine was launched in March 2016 in Andhra Pradesh,
Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Odisha, to reduce the burden of diarrhea caused by Rotavirus. It
has been expanded to five more states namely, Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Tripura and
Tamil Nadu. Approximately 88.73 lakh doses of Rotavirus vaccine have been administered to
children since its introduction.
Rubella Vaccine as Measles Rubella (MR) Vaccine: MR vaccination campaign
targeting children from 9 months up to 15 years of age, was launched in 2017 in five states viz.,
Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa, Lakshadweep and Puducherry where subsequent to completion of
campaign the MR vaccine was introduced in routine immunization replacing measles containing
vaccine 1 & 2 at 9-12 months and 16-24 months of age.
Adult JE vaccine: Japanese Encephalitis vaccination in children was introduced in 2006.
However, the vaccine was expanded in adult population of districts with high disease burden in
2015. A total of 35 districts have been identified for adult JE vaccination in Assam, Uttar
Pradesh and West Bengal.
Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV): This vaccine is provided to reduce child
deaths due to pneumonia - which is a major cause of child mortality. It was launched in 2017 in 3
states i.e. in Himachal Pradesh (12 districts), Uttar Pradesh (6 districts) and Bihar (17 districts) in
the first phase.
India New Born Action Plan
This was launched in 2014 with the goal of attaining “Single Digit Neonatal Mortality Rate
(NMR) by 2030” and “Single Digit Still Birth rate (SBR) by 2030”. Under this, 661 special
newborn care units (SNCU) at district level, 2321 newborn stabilization units (NBSU) at first
referral units (FRU) level and 18,323 newborn care corners (NBCC) at delivery points are
Ayushman Bharat - National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) a new centrally
sponsored scheme was launched in 2018. This comes under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored
in the MoHFW. The Scheme has the benefit cover of ₹ 5 lakh per family per year. The target
beneficiaries are to be more than 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population
based on Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) database. With this, AB-NHPM will subsume