Health and Family Welfare
           THE Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is instrumental and responsible for
      implementation of various programmes on the national scale in the areas of health and family
      welfare, prevention and control of major communicable and non-communicable diseases as well
      as promoting research across the country. It is responsible for formulating health and allied
      policies, providing guidance to states towards implementing health programs, managing centrally
      sponsored health schemes and programs, medical education, regulation (drugs and devices) and
      health infrastructure. Expenditure is incurred by the Ministry either directly under central
      schemes or by way of grants-in-aid to the autonomous/statutory bodies, etc. The Ministry of
      Health Family Welfare (MoHFW) earlier had two departments - Department of Health & Family
      Welfare and Department of Health Research.
           Department of AIDS Control has been merged with Department of Health & Family
      Welfare and now be known as National AIDS Control Organization (NACO). In December
      2014, Department of AYUSH was made Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani,
      Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) with focused attention on development of education and
      research in ayurveda, yoga and naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and homoeopathy systems.
      Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS) is an attached office which renders technical
      advice on all medical and public health matters and is involved in the implementation of various
      health services.
      Relevant Websites: www.mohfw.gov.in www.dhr.gov.in
                           www.naco.gov.in
      National Health Policy
           The National Health Policy (NHP) was released in 2017 after a gap of 15 years. NHP 2017
      addresses the current and emerging challenges necessitated by the changing socio-economic,
      technological and epidemiological landscape. It envisages providing larger package of assured
      comprehensive primary healthcare through the health and wellness centres. The policy aims to
      attain the highest possible level of health and well-being for all at all ages through a preventive
      and promotive healthcare and universal access to quality health services without anyone having
      to face financial hardship as a consequence. This would be achieved through increasing access,
      improving quality and lowering the cost of healthcare delivery. NHP 2017 advocates allocating
      major proportion (two-thirds or more) of resources to primary care and aims to ensure
      availability of two beds per 1,000 population distributed in a manner to enable access within
      golden hour.
           Besides this, the highlights of the policy include: (i) Assurance based approach - It
      advocates progressively incremental assurance based approach with focus on preventive and
      promotive healthcare; (ii) micro nutrient deficiency-There is a focus on reducing micro nutrient
      malnourishment and systematic approach to address heterogeneity in micro nutrient adequacy
      across regions; (iii) Make-in-India initiative- It advocates the need to incentivize local
      manufacturing to provide customized indigenous products for Indian population in the long run,