programme and is carrying out assessments of the world’s most critical resource issues with a
      view to developing practical solutions for government policy makers, industry and society.
      Global Environment Facility
           India is a founder member of Global Environment Facility (GEF). Set up in 1991, GEF is
      the designated multilateral funding mechanism of 183 countries to provide incremental finance
      for addressing global environmental benefits which are also identified national priorities. The
      GEF mandate is decided as per the guidance provided by the Conference of the parties of the
      multilateral environmental conventions namely Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD),
      United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), United Nations
      Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), Stockholm Convention on PoPs and Minamata
      Convention on Mercury. The GEF grants are available under five focal areas namely,
      biodiversity, climate change, land degradation, international waters and chemicals and waste.