National and State Action Plans on Climate Change
           India’s domestic strategy for addressing climate change is embedded in many of its social
      and economic development programmes. The National Action Plan on Climate Change
      (NAPCC) is being implemented through the nodal ministries in specific sectors/ areas. Eight
      national missions in the area of solar energy, enchanced energy efficiency, sustainable
      agriculture, sustainable habitat, water, Himalayan eco-system, Green India and strategic
      knowledge for climate change form the core of NAPCC.
      National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change
           National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) is a central sector scheme under
      implementation in the 12th Five Year Plan with National Bank for Agriculture and Rural
      Development (NABARD) as National Implementing Entity (NIE). The overall aim of the fund is
      to support concrete adaptation activities which are not covered under on-going activities through
      the schemes of state and central government, that reduce the adverse impact of climate change
      facing communities, sectors and states.
      Climate Change Action Programme
           Ministry is implementing a scheme titled ‘Climate Change Action Programme’ since
      January, 2014, with an objective to create and strengthen the scientific and analytical capacity for
      assessment of climate change in the country, putting in place appropriate institutional framework
      for scientific and policy initiatives and implementation of climate change related actions in the
      context of sustainable development. The NCAP is a major multi-institutional and multi-agency
      study. In this initiative, MoEF & CC will collaborate with the Ministry of Earth Sciences, the
      Indian Space Research Organization, the Ministry of Science and Technology and other
      associated agencies to enhance understanding of the role of black carbon in climate change
      through monitoring and assessment of the impacts of Black Carbon using modelling techniques.
      Paris Agreement
           India ratified the Paris Agreement to the UNFCCC in 2016. The action plan for
      implementation of Paris Agreement and its components is being developed.
      International Negotiations on Climate Change
           During the financial year 2016-17, many important bilateral and multilateral meetings and
      international negotiations on climate change were held.
      Ozone Cell
      Ozone Layer Protection
           Ozone, a tri-atomic molecule of oxygen is formed from oxygen naturally in the upper levels
      of the earth’s atmosphere by high energy ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. The UV
      radiation breaks down oxygen molecules, releasing free atoms, some of which bond with other
      oxygen molecule to form ozone. About 90 per cent of ozone formed in this way lies between 10
      and 50 kilometres above the earth’s surface, called the Stratosphere. The ozone found in the part
      of the atmosphere is called the ozone layer.