Global Learning and Observation to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) is a hands on
international environmental science and education programme that brings students, teachers and
scientists together to study the global environment. MoEFCC and US Government signed an
agreement in 2000 to implement the Globe programme in India. Indian Environmental Society,
Delhi is an implementing agency for Globe in India.
Centre of Excellence
The Scheme-Centre of Excellence was initiated in the Sixth Five Year Plan. The objective
of the scheme is to provide selective support to the universities, reputed institutions including
NGOs, professional organizations and other scientific and technological institutions to enable
them to develop into advanced centres at the national level in that particular subject area to cater
the need of the Ministry. At present there are seven Centre of Excellences functioning under this
Ministry. These are Centre for Environment Education, Ahmedabad; CPR Environmental
Education Centre, Chennai; Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science,
Bengaluru; Salim Ali Centre for Orhithology and History, Coimbatore; Centre for Environment
Management of Degraded Eco systems, Delhi; Madras School of Economics, Chennai; and
Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions, Bengaluru.
National Green Tribunal
The National Green Tribunal (NGT) was set up in 2010 under the NGT Act, 2010, for the
purpose of effective and expeditious disposal of cases relating to environmental protection and
conservation of forests and other natural resources including enforcement of any legal right
relating to environment and giving relief and compensation for damages to persons and property
and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
It is a specialized body equipped with the necessary expertise to handle environmental
disputes involving multi-disciplinary issues. The Tribunal shall not be bound by the procedure
laid down under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908, but shall be guided by principles of natural
justice. The Tribunal is mandated to make an endeavour for disposal of applications or appeals
finally within 6 months of filing.
NGT has five places of sitting, i.e, the Principal Bench in Delhi and Zonal Benches in Pune,
Kolkata, Bhopal and Chennai. Apart from this the Tribunal holds three circuit Benches at
Shimla, Shillong and Jodhpur.
The earth’s climate has always changed and evolved. Some of these changes have been due
to natural causes but other can be attributed to human activities such as deforestation, emissions
from industry and transport etc. which have led to accumulation of gases and aerosols in the
atmosphere. These gases are known as Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) because they trap heat and
raise air temperatures near the ground, acting like a greenhouse on the surface of the planet. In
order to create and strengthen the scientific and analytical capacity for assessment of climate
change in the country different studies under Climate Change Action Programme (CCAP) were
initiated. Many important bilateral and multilateral meetings and negotiations including
Conference of Parties (CoP-22) were held.