Stockholm Convention
            The Stockholm Convention on persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) is a global treaty to
      protect human health and the environment from POPs. The Convention sought initially 12
      chemicals, for restriction or elimination of the production and release. Now, the Convention
      covers 23 chemicals. The Convention came into force in 2004. India ratified the Convention in
      2006. As per Article 7 of the Convention, Parties to the Convention were required to develop a
      National Implementation Plan (NIP) to demonstrate how their obligations to the Convention
      would be implemented and NIP has been developed through Global Environment Facility (GEF)
      funding. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change serves as the focal point for GEF
      and Stockholm Convention. Designated national authorities are in Ministry of Agriculture and
      Cooperation and Ministry of Chemicals and Petrochemicals.
      Minamata Convention on Mercury
            In February 2009, the Governing Council of UNEP adopted Decision 25/ 5 on the
      development of a global legally binding instrument on mercury. At the Conference of
      Plenipotentiaries held in 2013 in Minamata and Kumamoto, Japan, the “Minamata Convention
      on Mercury”, a global treaty to protect human health and the environment from the adverse
      effects of mercury, was formally adopted.
      Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
            In 2006, over 190 countries including India acceded to the Strategic Approach to
      International Chemicals Management (SAICM), an international policy framework to foster
      sound management of chemicals. Initial activities under SAICM included development or
      updating of national chemicals profiles, strengthening of institutions, and main streaming sound
      management of chemicals in national strategies. Towards this end, India initiated the preparation
      of the National Chemicals Management Profile to assess India’s infrastructure and capacity for
      management of chemicals.
      National River Conservation Plan
            The river conservation programme was initiated with the launching of the Ganga Action
      Plan (GAP) in 1985. The Ganga Action Plan was expanded to cover other rivers under National
      River Conservation Plan (NRCP) in 1995. The objective of NRCP is to improve the water
      quality of rivers, which are major water sources in the country, through implementation of
      pollution abatement works in various towns along identified polluted stretches of rivers on cost
      sharing basis between the central and state governments. Presently NRCP (excluding Ganga and
      its tributaries) has covered polluted stretches of 31 rivers in 75 towns spread over 14 states and a
      treatment capacity of 2445 million litres per day (mld) has been created so far under NRCP
      (excluding Ganga and its tributaries).
      Conservation of Lakes
            So far under NLCP/NPCA, a total of 46 projects for conservation of 63 lakes have been
      sanctioned in 14 states for undertaking works like providing sewerage system and sewage
      treatment plants, interception and diversion of sewage, desilting, catchment area treatment, storm
      water management etc. Conservation works for 34 lakes have been completed. Major projects
      presently under implementation include Dal lake in Jammu & Kashmir, Shivpuri and Sindh