accidents and also ensuring availability of information to public likely to be affected by an
      accident. The Chemical Accidents (EPPR) Rules. 1996 envisage a four-tier crisis management
      system in the country at the central, state, district and local levels.
      Hazardous Waste Management
            To address the issue of ensure environmentally sound management of hazardous waste for
      safety of health and environment during handling of such waste Hazardous Waste (Management,
      Handling & Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2008 were notified under Environment
      (Protection) Act, 1986. The Rules lay down procedure towards this process by providing
      provisions for authorization of hazardous waste generating and units using hazardous waste. It
      also provides for establishment of Treatment Storage and Disposal Facility (TSDF) for disposal
      of hazardous wastes. The rules have an important provision on regulation of import/export of
      hazardous waste in pursuance to our obligation under the Basel Convention on Control of
      Transboundary Movement of Hazardous waste and its disposal. India is party to the Convention.
            The major salient features of Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management and
      Transboundary Movement) Rules, 2016 include the following:- the ambit of the Rules has been
      expanded by including ‘Other-Waste’.; authorization and registration requirement is replaced
      with one permission i.e., authorization under the rules for all stakeholders handling the hazardous
      and other waste; waste management hierarchy in the sequence of priority as prevention,
      minimization, reuse, recycling, recovery, co-processing; and safe disposal being incorporated;
      the process of import/export of waste under the rules has been streamlined by simplifying the
      procedure and by revising the list of waste regulated for import/ export; separate schedule has
      been introduced which comprises waste such as metal scrap, paper waste and various categories
      of electrical and electronic equipments for re-use purpose exempted from the need of obtaining
      Ministry’s permission; the list of waste prohibited for import has been revised by inclusion of
      following items: waste edible fats and oils of animals or vegetable origin, household waste,
      critical care medical equipment, solid plastic wastes, other chemical wastes especially in solvent
      e-Waste Management
            The e-waste rules apply to e-waste generated from IT and telecommunication equipment
      and consumer electrical and electronics namely television sets (including LCD & LED),
      refrigerators, washing machines and air-conditioners. These rules empower the concerned state
      agencies to control, supervise and regulate relevant activities connected with e-waste
      management such as collection, segregation, dismantling and recycling. Producers are required
      to set up collection systems and meet the cost involved in the environmentally sound
      management of e-waste generated from the ‘end of life’ of their own products. Besides, threshold
      limits, which are accepted globally have been prescribed for six hazardous substances used in
      manufacture of electrical and electronics components. Producers are expected to achieve
      reduction in use of the hazardous substances (RoHS) to the prescribed limit. These rules are the
      main instrument to ensure environmentally sound management of e-Waste.
      Solid Waste Management
      Solid Waste Management Rules, 2016
            The Ministry revised the rules for management of solid waste in the municipal areas after 16