awareness building of public at large to avoid bursting of firecrackers; and issuance of directions
      under Section 5 of Environment (Protection), Act, 1986 and under section 18 (1) (b) of Air
      (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
      Scheme of Common Effluent Treatment Plants
            The concept of the Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs) arose in order to make a
      co-operative movement for pollution control. The main objective of the CETPs is to reduce the
      treatment cost to be borne by an individual member unit to a minimum while protecting the
      environment to a maximum. Waste water treatment and water conservation are the prime
      objectives of the CETP. This concept was envisaged to treat the effluent emanating from the
      clusters of compatible small-scale industries.
            A centrally sponsored scheme has been undertaken by the Government for enabling small
      scale industries (SSI) to set up new and upgrade the existing common effluent treatment plants to
      cover all the states in the country. The salient features of the revised scheme include: (a) the
      central subsidy has been enhanced from 25 per cent to 50 per cent of the project cost; (b) all the
      three levels of treatment, primary, secondary and tertiary are to be covered for assistance. (c) the
      management of the Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP) is to be entrusted to a Special
      Purpose Vehicle registered under an appropriate statute.
      Hazardous Substance Management
            The Hazardous Substances Management Division (HSMD) is the nodal point within the
      Ministry for management of solid waste including hazardous substances and chemical
      emergencies. The main objective of the Division is to promote safe management of solid wastes,
      management of hazardous substances and wastes including hazardous chemicals, in order to
      avoid damage to health and environment.
            In addition, the Division also administers the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and rules
      framed thereunder. The activities of the Division are carried out under three main thrust areas
      viz., hazardous waste management solid waste management and chemical safety.
      Chemical Safety
            In order to ensure chemical safety, the Ministry notified two sets of Rules under the
      Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 viz., (i) The Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous
      Chemicals Rules, 1989 (MSIHC); and (ii) The Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Planning,
      Preparedness, and Response) Rules (EPPR), 1996. The main objectives of the MISHC rules are
      to: (a) prevent major accidents arising from industrial activities; and (b)limit the effects of such
      accidents. The rules endeavour to achieve these objectives by having a quantity-based approach.
      The MSIHC rules require the occupier to disclose the necessary information to the public in the
      neighbourhood that is likely to be affected by a major accident at the site. During the process of
      implementation of MSIHC Rules, 1989, it was felt that a Chemical Crisis Management System
      has to be established in the country to ensure proper coordination of the activities of the various
      authorities and to render help to the District Collector who is responsible for the preparation,
      maintenance and execution of an Off-Site Emergency Plan. Therefore, a set of rules entitled
      Chemicals Accidents (Emergency Planning, Preparedness and Response) Rules, 1996 was
      notified with the aim of providing administrative structure at different levels such as national,
      state, district and local levels for effective planning, preparedness and responses to chemicals