Project Elephant
            Project Elephant (PE) was launched by the Government of India in 1991-92 as a centrally
      sponsored scheme with the objectives: - to protect elephants, their habitat and corridors; to
      address issues of man-animal conflict; and welfare of domesticated elephants.
      Animal Welfare
      Animal Welfare General - Animal Board of India
            General Animal Welfare covers the welfare of individual animals, mainly domesticated, as
      also wild animals in captivity, through Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI). AWBI is a
      statutory body established with headquarters at Chennai. Its basic mandate is to advise the
      government on animal welfare issues, and create awareness in animal welfare and to implement
      the regular schemes of AWBI and also the central sector schemes for the welfare of animals.
      Free Mobile Animal Clinic
            The Board is providing free, on the spot veterinary treatment to sick and injured animals
      belonging to poor people through its Mobile Animal Clinic (MAC) programme operating
      Awareness Rallies Conducted During World Animal Day Week: The Animal Welfare Board of
      India has organized rallies to create kindness and compassion with the co-ordination of Schools
      in Chennai and Karuna International, Chennai under Humane Education programme.
      Environmental Impact Assessment
            Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), is a planning tool to integrate environmental
      concerns into the developmental process from the initial stage of planning. It was first used in
      India as early as 1978 with river valley projects, and was subsequently extended to large public
      sector projects requiring Public Investment Board (PIB) clearance. These practices were formally
      codified for the first time in the EIA Notification, 1994. This made the requirement of
      environmental clearance mandatory for 37 categories of projects/ processes, listed therein. The
      criterion of investment was the basis for the projects requiring environmental clearance in
      different sectors.
      Control of Pollution
      Air Pollution
            Rising issue of air pollution is increasingly becoming a serious concern, particularly in
      metro cities. A large number of cities and towns do not meet the standards for pollutants
      specifically for particulate matter. In a few cities including Delhi, the ambient particulate matter
      concentrations are much above the standards i.e., three to four times or even higher. Air quality
      regulation and actions for abatement of air pollution is undertaken under various provisions of
      Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 and Environment (Protection) Act, (EPA)
      1986 which prescribes the mechanism and authorities for handling the issue. The major impact is
      highlighted with reference to health of people. As per the available data for Delhi and NCR for
      last five years, Particulate Matter (PM 10 and PM 2.5) concentrations are the major concern for
      the entire area, however a few violations are observed in NO2 concentrations in Delhi, Meerut
      and Faridabad. The concentration of SO2 is within the standard limit at all the locations in all the