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Kerala PSC India Year Book Study Materials Page 155Book's First Page
The National Biogas and Manure Management Programme (NBMMP) is a central sector scheme which aims to provide biogas plants as an asset for households, communities of households for meeting their clean cooking fuel needs in particular to rural/semi-urban households and organic manure for raising farm yield and productivity and maintaining the soil health. Biogas plants are, thus potential source of helping farmers in adopting organic farming. A biogas plant is a small farm infrastructure asset for farmers and household amenity for others. The NBMMP was implemented during 2017-18 as per the demand and physical targets received from the states through their designated state nodal agencies/departments, KVIC and BDTCs. National Solar Mission 26 SPV projects of aggregate 330 MW capacity have been commissioned. Thus, 523 MW solar PV projects and 202.5 MW solar thermal power projects have been commissioned under the bundling scheme. Under the 100 SPV power plants, 78 projects were selected to set up 98 MW capacity projects from 12 states. Against this, 71 projects of total capacity 90.80 MW have been connected to grid. A Payment Security Mechanism involving a revolving fund of ₹ 486 crore has been put in place to ensure timely payments to developers in the event of delays/ defaults in payments by the purchasing state utilities to NVVN. Solar Cities Programme Under Development of Solar Cities Programme the Ministry assists municipal corporations and urban local bodies in preparation of a Master Plan for increasing energy efficiency and renewable energy supply in the city. Coal The Ministry of Coal (MoC) has the overall responsibility of determining policies and strategies in respect of exploration and development of coal and lignite reserves, sanctioning of important projects of high value and for deciding all related issues. These key functions are exercised through its public sector undertakings, namely Coal India Limited (CIL) and Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited (NLC) and Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL), a joint sector undertaking of Government of Telangana and Government of India with equity capital in the ratio of 51:49. Relevant Website: www.coal.nic.in Coal Reserves 308.802 billion tonnes of coal reserves have been estimated by the Geological Survey of India. The reserves have been found mainly in Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Madhya pradesh, Telangana and Maharashtra. Lignite Reserves The lignite reserves in the country have been estimated at around 44.59 billion tonnes by the Geological Survey of India. The major deposits are located in Tamil Nadu, followed by Rajasthan, Gujarat, Kerala, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir and union territory of Puducherry.