per cent from 2005 levels by 2030. In the recently concluded 21st Conference of the Parties to the
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) held at Paris, France,
India committed to achieve about 40 per cent cumulative electric power installed capacity from
non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low
cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF).
Renewable Energy Potential
India has an estimated renewable energy potential of about 900 GW from commercially
exploitable sources viz. Wind - 102 GW (at 80 metre mast height); small hydro - 20 GW;
bioenergy - 25 GW; and 750 GW solar power, assuming 3% wasteland is made available. The
Ministry had taken up a new initiative in 2014 for implementation of wind resource assessment
in uncovered / new areas with an aim to assess the realistic potential at 100 m level in 500 new
stations across the country under the National Clean Energy Fund (NCEF). National Institute of
Wind Energy has used advanced modelling techniques and revised the estimate the wind power
potential at 100 metre at 302 GW.
Renewable energy has a great potential to usher in universal energy access. In a
decentralized or standalone mode, renewable energy is an appropriate, scalable and viable
solution for providing power to un-electrified or power deficient villages and hamlets. Over 1.2
million households are using solar energy to meet their lighting energy needs and almost similar
numbers of the households meet their cooking energy needs from biogas plants. Solar
Photovoltaic (PV) power systems are being used for a variety of applications such as rural
electrification, railway signalling, microwave repeaters, mobile towers, TV transmission and
reception and for providing power to border outposts.
Renewable energy database is updated regularly in the country. The National Institute of
Wind Energy (NIWE), formerly known as Centre for Wind Energy Technology, has developed
the Wind Atlas of India. NIWE also collects data from Solar Radiation Resource Assessment
stations to assess and quantify solar radiation availability and develop Solar Atlas of the country.
National Institute of Solar Energy has assessed the State wise solar potential by taking 3 pre cent
of the wasteland area to be covered by Solar PV modules. The Indian Institute of Science,
Bengaluru has developed Biomass Atlas of India, and the Alternate Hydro Energy Centre, Indian
Institute of Technology, Roorkee has assessed small hydro potential in the country.
Renewable Energy for Rural Applications
More than 35,000 biogas plants of the approved models were installed across the country
with financial support of the Ministry, taking the cumulative installation to over 49.40 lakh
biogas plants in all states and union territories. Under the National Biomass Cookstoves
Initiative, several pilot projects have been taken up for deployment of improved biomass cook
stoves for demonstration among domestic and large sized community cooking in Anganwadis,
mid-day meal schemes in schools, tribal hostels, etc., Projects taken up under Unnat Chulha
Abhiyan are now eligible for carbon credits under the CDM mechanism with Sardar Swaran
Singh National Institute of Renewable Energy (SSS-NIRE), an autonomous institute of MNRE,
located at Jalandhar, Punjab that has been designated as Coordinating and Managing Entity
National Biogas and Manure Management Programme