Education (OBE) programme for 14+ years age group, adolescents and adults at A, B and C
      levels that are equivalent to classes III, V and VIII of the formal school system consists of:
      secondary education course, senior secondary education course, vocational education courses/
      programmes, life enrichment programmes.
            At the secondary and senior secondary levels, NIOS provides flexibility in the choice of
      subjects/courses, pace of learning, and transfer of credits from CBSE, some board of school
      education and state open schools to enable learner’s continuation. A learner is extended as many
      as nine chances to appear in public examinations spread over a period of five years. The credits
      gained are accumulated till the learner clears required credits for certification. The learning
      strategies include; learning through printed self-instructional material, audio and video
      programmes, participating in personal contact programme, and Tutor Marked Assignments.
      Enrichment is also provided to the learners through the half yearly magazine “Open Learning”.
      The Study Material is made available in English, Hindi and Urdu mediums. The On-Demand
      Examination System (ODES) is in operation at secondary and senior secondary stage. NIOS
      offers 28 subjects in eight mediums (Hindi, English, Urdu, Marathi, Telugu, Gujarati, Malayalam
      and Odia) for secondary examinations and 28 subjects in Hindi, English, Urdu, Bengali and Odia
      mediums for senior secondary examinations. Besides these, NIOS has provision of offering
      Vocational subjects in combination with academic subjects at secondary stage and 20 vocational
      subjects in combination with Academic subjects at senior secondary level.
      Mid-Day Meal Scheme
            The Mid-Day Meal Scheme covers children of classes I-VI11 studying in government,
      government-aided schools, special training centres (STC) and madarsas/ maqtabs supported
      under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA). It is the largest school feeding programme in the world,
      covering 9.78 crore children in 11.40 lakh institutions across the country. Apart from promoting
      access and retention, the Mid-Day Meal Scheme has also contributed to social and gender equity.
      It has helped in preventing classroom hunger, promoting school participation and fostering social
      equality and enhancing gender equality.
      Norms for Mid-Day Meal Scheme
      (i) Calorific Value of Mid-Day Meals: The cooked mid day meal consists of 100 grams of
      wheat/rice, 20 grams of pulses, 50 grams of vegetables and 5 grams of oil/fat and provides 450
      calories of energy and 12 grams of protein at primary stage. For upper primary stage children, it
      consists of 150 grams of wheat/rice, 30 grams of pulses, 75 grams of vegetables and 7.5 gram of
      oil/fat and provides 700 calories of energy and 20 grams of proteins.
      (ii) Cooking cost under MDM Scheme: The cooking cost covers the expenditure for pulses,
      vegetables, cooking oils, condiments, fuel, etc. The rate of cooking cost from 2016 is ₹ 4.13 per
      child per day for primary and ₹ 6.18 per child per day for upper primary. The cooking cost is
      shared between the centre and the states in the ratio of 60:40. for non-NER states and UTs with
      legislature, 100 per cent for remaining UTs and 90:10 for NER states and 3 Himalayan states
      viz., Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand.
      Tithi Bhojan
            “Tithi Bhojan” is a concept designed to ensure greater public participation under the Mid-
      Day Meal Programme being followed in Gujarat. In order to bring in greater community