formulation of the National Policy of Education, 1986. The scheme was revised for the 12th Five
      Year Plan. It aims to establish DIETs in all districts created up to 2011, thereby increasing their
      numbers from existing 571 to 646; strengthen existing 106 to 122 Colleges of Teacher Education
      (CTEs) and up-grade existing government secondary teacher education institutions into CTEs;
      strengthen existing 32 to 39 Institutes of Advanced Studies in Education (IASEs); up-grade
      Department of Education in Universities as IASEs; and establish block institutes of teacher
      education (BITEs) in identified SC/ST/ minority concentration districts.
      (B) Quality in Teacher Education
      Creation of Separate Cadre: 17-states/ UTs have created separate cadre for teacher educators
      under the TE- Scheme. States have also been asked to strengthen the cadre of teacher educators
      in their respective states/UTs.
      National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) Regulations, 2014- Norms and Standards: The
      NCTE was established with a view to achieving planned and coordinated development of the
      teacher education system throughout the country, the regulation and proper maintenance of
      norms and standards in the teacher education system, and for matters connected therewith.
      Re-organizing/Restructuring of SCERT and Cadre Restructuring for Teacher Educators: Under
      the CSS-Teacher Education 09 states have re-organized/restructured their SCERT in 2016.
      New Activities/Initiatives under CSSTE Scheme
            India Teacher Education Portal (Prashikshak): the Department of School Education and
      Literacy, launched ‘India Teacher Education Portal (Prashikshak)’ in 2016. This portal is helpful
      in monitoring of teachers education Institutions and in providing comprehensive information to
      prospective students and teachers to select the right institute as per choice.
      Scheme for Providing Quality Education in Madarsas
            Ministry of Human Resource Development, lays emphasis on providing equal opportunities
      to minorities as far as access to education is concerned. For this purpose, government is
      implementing the scheme for providing quality education in Madarsas (SPQEM) for the children
      of minorities. The objectives of the Scheme are: encourage Madarsas and Maktabs to introduce
      formal subjects i.e., science, mathematics, social studies, Hindi and English by means of
      providing financial assistance; children studying in Madarsas and Maktabs attain academic
      proficiency for class I-XII; Madarsas/Maktabs/Dar-ul-Uloom can opt to become accredited study
      centres with National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) for which proper assistance will be
      provided; children above 14 years in Madarsas/Maktabs/Dar-ul-Uloom are given opportunities to
      attain vocation training; strengthening of Madarsas Board for Monitoring and Awareness of
      SPQEM.
            The Scheme provides assistance for appointment of teachers for teaching science,
      mathematics, social studies, languages, computer application and science. Full time graduate
      teacher is paid salary for 12 months ₹ 6,000/- p.m. and post graduate/B.Ed. ₹ 12,000/-. One time
      grant of ₹ 1,00,000/- for science/ computer labs/workshops in Madarsas at the secondary/senior
      secondary level ₹ 5000/- as annual grant for maintenance. One time assistance of up to ₹ 50,000/
      - for libraries/book banks/teaching learning material followed by an annual grant of ₹ 5,000/-. A
      grant up to a maximum amount of ₹15,000/- for purchase of science/math kits and other
      pedagogical equipment. Madarsas which have been in existence at least for three years and