Lieutenant                       Sub Lieutenant                       Flying Officer
      Indian Coast Guard
           Indian Coast Guard was constituted in 1977 with following charter of duties: (a) safety and
      protection of artificial islands, offshore terminals and installations; (b) protection to fishermen
      including assistance to them at sea while in distress; (c) preserve and protect maritime
      environment and to prevent and control marine pollution; (d) assisting Customs and other
      authorities in anti-smuggling operations; (e) safety of life and property at sea and collection of’
      scientific data; (f) enforcing the provisions of various enactments in the maritime zones.
      Relevant Website:
           The Armed Forces epitomize the ideals of service, sacrifice, patriotism and composite
      culture of the country. Recruitment to the Armed Forces is voluntary and open to all citizens of
      India irrespective of caste, class, religion and community provided the laid down physical,
      medical and educational criteria are met.
           Commissioned Officers in the Armed Forces are recruited mainly through UPSC which
      conducts the following two All India Competitive Examinations:
           (a) National Defence Academy (NDA) and Naval Academy (NA): The UPSC holds entrance
      examination twice a year for entry into the NDA and NA. Candidates on completion of 10+2
      examination or while in the 12th standard are eligible to compete. Having cleared UPSC written
      examination, eligible candidates undergo Service Selection Board (SSB) interview, which lasts
      for five days. On being medically fit and coming in NDA merit list, successful candidates join
      the NDA or NA as per their option of service exercised at the time of applying. On completion of
      the course, they are sent to the respective Service Academies for their pre-commissioning
           (b) Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE): CDSE is conducted by the UPSC
      twice a year. University graduates or those in final year of graduation are eligible to appear in the
      examination. Candidates qualifying in written examination have to undergo SSB interview and
      medical tests. Candidates whose names appear in the merit list undergo basic military training of
      18 months at Indian Military Academy/Air Force Academy and Naval Academy for Permanent
      Commission and 11 months at Officers Training Academy (OTA) to become Short Service
      Commissioned Officers (SSCOs). SSCOs can serve for a duration of 10 years extendable to 14
      years. However, they can opt for permanent commission after completion of 10 years or seek
      release after completion of five years of service, which is considered on case to case basis.
      Recruitment in Army
           Apart from the UPSC entries, Commissioned officers are also recruited in the Army through
      the following entries:
      (a) University Entry Scheme: Pre-Final year students in the notified engineering disciplines are
      eligible to apply for Permanent Commission in the Technical Arms of the Army as
      Commissioned Officers under the UES. Eligible candidates are selected through a campus
      interview by the Screening Teams deputed by the Army Headquarters. These candidates are