value are transported over the seas. India’s reliance on maritime trade for economic growth
      necessitates due protection of the merchant marine and sea - borne trade.
            Over the past years, India’s strategic and security interests in the northern IOR and
      surrounding areas from the Strait of Malacca to the Gulf of Aden have grown. As a responsible
      nation and benign maritime neighbour, enforcement of international laws, humanitarian
      assistance and disaster relief in the IOR would continue to remain at the forefront of our
      international commitments. Towards this end, the IN is being increasingly called upon to address
      issues pertaining to security and stability in the region. The IN, by virtue of its capability,
      strategic positioning and presence in the IOR, has been a catalyst for peace and stability in the
      region. The complex maritime security environment in the IOR requires the IN to maintain a
      high operational tempo and readiness at all time. Besides a large number of operational
      deployments, IN has successfully undertaken exercises with numerous navies of friendly foreign
      countries. In addition, the IN also engages with friendly neighbouring countries to undertake
      coordinated patrols in common areas of interest. These exercises and patrols have helped
      strengthening bilateral relationship, cementing the professional ties and streamlining inter-
      operability issues.
            As part of its ‘Constabulary Role’, the IN is involved in operations like anti-poaching, anti-
      smuggling, coastal surveillance and anti-piracy. Over the past years, India’s strategic and
      security interests in the northern IOR and surrounding areas from the Strait of Malacca to the
      Gulf of Aden have grown. As a responsible nation and benign maritime neighbour, enforcement
      of international laws, humanitarian assistance and disaster relief in the IOR would continue to
      remain at the forefront of our international commitments. Towards this end, the IN is being
      increasingly called upon to address issues pertaining to security and stability in the region. The
      IN, by virtue of its capability, strategic positioning and presence in the IOR, has been a catalyst
      for peace and stability in the region. The complex maritime security environment in the IOR
      requires the IN to maintain a high operational tempo and readiness at all times. Besides a large
      number of operational deployments, IN has successfully undertaken exercises with numerous
      navies of friendly foreign countries. In addition, the IN also engages with friendly neighbouring
      countries to undertake coordinated patrols in common areas of interest. These exercises and
      patrols have helped strengthening bilateral relationship, cementing the professional ties and
      streamlining inter-operability issues.
      Air Force
            The Indian Air Force (IAF) has always encouraged development of indigenous defence
      production capability and capacities. Its quest for operating indigenously built platform and
      supporting self-reliance has resulted in significant progress on various systems in the IAF. The
      Defence Procurement Procedure, 2016 assigned highest preference to ‘Make’ and Buy (Indian-
      Indigenously Designed and Developed Manufacturer (IDDM)) categories. LCA Mk-1A, Light
      Combat Helicopter (LCH), AWACS (India) and High Frequency Radio set are some of the cases
      being progressed through the IDDM route.
      Relevant Website: www.indianairforce.nic.in
      Make in India
            One of the main focus areas of the IAF is to support indigenisation and manufacturing of
      defence equipment, thus reducing dependence on import of defence equipment. Light Combat