Modernisation of the Infantry is being progressed based on five sub system, i.e. lethality,
      survivability, mobility, situational awareness and sustainability. Artillery would be inducting a
      variety of gun systems to enhance its long range fire power. Artillery is graduating to an effect
      based precision targeting capability and has identified key technologies for development. Army
      Aviation provides the fourth dimensional combat support in terms of reconnaissance,
      surveillance, direction of artillery fire, support to manoeuvre forces as well as causality
      evacuation from the battlefield. The Indian Army is committed to enhance its overall
      effectiveness by revamping its equipment profile and human resource through the tools of
      technology and innovations. Indian Army is one of the largest troop contributor to UN missions
      with presence in UN missions.
      Relevant Website:
            The raison d’etre of navies is to safeguard the nation’s use of seas for its legitimate
      sovereign purpose, whilst concurrently guarding against inimical use of the sea by others. The
      full range of operations in which the naval forces may be involved is vast, ranging from high
      intensity war fighting at one end and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations at the
      other end. This broad continuum of operations can be broken down into distinct roles at each
      demanding a specific approach to the conduct of operations. Through the discharge of roles, the
      Indian Navy (IN) acts as the prime enabler and guarantor of the country’s maritime sovereignty
      and myriad use of sea activities. Accordingly, the main roles that IN undertakes are - military,
      diplomatic, constabulary and benign.
      Relevant Website:
      Military Role
            The primary military objective of the IN is to deter any military adventurism against the
      country, including intervention in India’s affairs and subversive strategies against the national
      interests and the ability to inflict a crushing defeat on the adversary in the event of hostilities.
      The ways and means of deterrence by the IN include conventional deterrence by both denial and
      punishment, by maintaining a robust military capability and posture to convince potential
      aggressors of high costs and limited gains from any aggression or intervention against India’s
      national interests. India has a long coastline, numerous Island Territories, a vast Maritime Zone,
      substantial energy infrastructure and other vital assets in the littoral area; besides a large vibrant
      population, significant portions of which also live in the littoral. Since there are no physical
      barriers at sea, security of these areas and assets are inherently vulnerable to sea-borne threats,
      and enhancing their security is a prime objective of the IN in the Military role. The IN has also
      been designated as the agency responsible for overall Maritime Security including Coastal
      Security and Offshore Security.
            Whilst countering traditional maritime security threats will remain the raison d’etre of the
      IN, the growths of non-traditional threats in the recent years have necessitated the development
      of a fresh paradigm for maritime security. There has been a steady rise in non-traditional threats,
      in occurrence and scale, with the lines at times getting blurred with traditional challenges. This is
      especially the case where non-traditional threats receive cooperation, support and sponsorship
      from traditional entities. India is a maritime nation and the economy is critically dependent on
      the seas for conduct of trade. More than 90 per cent of the trade by volume and 77 per cent by