bank account using e-KYC: Aadhaar has enabled this by becoming the single document which
      acts as KYC document for opening a bank account; (iv) e-verification of income tax return:
      Aadhaar has enabled income tax payer to e-verify their income tax return using Aadhaar OTP
      authentication, obviating the need for sending the ITR-5 in a physical form to Income Tax
            With the advent of Digital India as an apex programme various new policy initiatives have
      been taken up by MeitY such as e-Kranti, policy on adoption of open source software in e-
      governance systems, e-mail policy, policy on use of IT resources, policy on collaborative
      application development by opening the source code of government applications, application
      development and re-engineering guidelines for cloud ready applications and e-governance
      competency framework. Major schemes such as e-districts, common service centres and state
      wide area network (SWAN) have also been working in this direction.
            Policy on Adoption of Open Source Software: It encourages the formal adoption and use of
      Open Source Software (OSS) in government organisations. Accordingly government
      organisations, while implementing e-governance applications and systems, are to ensure
      compliance of this policy and decide by comparing both OSS and Closed Source Software (CSS)
      options with respect to capability, strategic control, scalability, security, life-time costs and
      support requirements.
            Policy on Collaborative Application Development by Opening the Source Code of
      Government Applications: This policy aims to increase the pace of e-governance application
      development and rapid roll out/implementation by adopting an open-source code, for high
      quality e-governance applications. It also intends to encourage innovative e-governance
      applications and solutions through collaborative development.
            Policy on use of IT Resources: This policy governs the usage of IT resources from an end
      user’s perspective. Its objective is to ensure proper access to and usage of government’s IT
      resources and prevent their misuse.
            e-mail Policy of Government: This policy lays down the guidelines with respect to use of e-
      mail services of the government and employees of those state/UT governments that use the e-
      mail services of GOI and also those state/ UT governments that choose to adopt this policy in
      future. The objective is to ensure secure access and usage of Government of India e-mail services
      by its users.
            Policy on Open Application Programming Interfaces (APIs): The Policy on Open APIs for
      Government’s approach on the use to Open APIs to promote software interoperability for all e-
      governance applications and systems and provide access to data and services for promoting
      participation of all stakeholders including citizens.
            The e-Governance Competency Framework (e-GCF): Its tool kit contains a set of end-user
      knowledge areas required for government employees. The objective of the framework is to
      strengthen the capacity building scheme to identify and define competencies, through a
      competency-based system which is required for different job roles under e-governance.
            In order to transform the quality of services and to provide integrated services the “eKranti”
      initiative aims to utilize emerging technologies such as cloud and mobile platform and focus on
      integration of services. The principle of this programme is ‘transformation’ and not translation,