conducted quinquennially by all states/UTs of the country. It is the only source, which gives
      disaggregated information on various species of farm animals and poultry birds. The 19th
      Livestock Census was conducted in 2012 in the country in participation with animal husbandry
      departments of the states/UTs. Breed Survey was also undertaken in 2013 in order to estimate the
      breed wise number of livestock population on a general principle of 15 per cent sample village
      across the country.
      Indian Fisheries
           Presently India is the second largest fish producing and second largest aquaculture nation in
      the world. India is also a major producer of fish through aquaculture and ranks second in the
      world after China. The total fish production during 2015-16 (provisional) stood at 10.79 million
      metric tonne (MMT) with a contribution of 7.21 MMT from inland sector and 3.58 MMT from
      marine sector.
           Fisheries is a sunrise sector with varied resources and potential, engaging over 14.50 million
      people at the primary level and many more along the value chain. Transformation of the fisheries
      sector from traditional to commercial scale has led to an increase in fish production.
           The historical scenario of Indian fisheries reveals a paradigm shift from marine dominated
      fisheries to a scenario where inland fisheries emerged as a major contributor to the overall fish
      production in the country.
           Within inland fisheries there is a shift from capture fisheries to aquaculture during the last
      two and a half decade. Freshwater aquaculture with a share of 34 per cent in inland fisheries in
      mid-1980s has increased to about 80 per cent in recent years. It has emerged as a major fish
      producing system. Fish Farmers Development Agencies (FFDA) was set up in various districts
      for delivering a package of technologies, practices, training and extension and for providing
      financial assistance to the beneficiaries. Mariculture in the country over the years was confined
      largely to bivalve molluscs viz., mussels, edible oysters and pearl oysters, and to some extent
      seaweeds. With a thrust on development of technologies pertaining to sea cage farming during
      last decade, developmental plans with both forward and back ward linkages are envisaged to
      allow these activities to become significant contributors to production of seafood in the country.