The meat production registered a healthy growth from 2.3 million tonnes at the end of Tenth
Five Year Plan (2006-07) to 5.5 million tonnes at the end of the Eleventh Five Year Plan (2011-
12). Meat production in the beginning of Twelfth Plan (2012-13) was 5.95 million tonnes which
further increased to 7.4 million tonnes in 2016-17.
The country has vast potential for fisheries in view of long coastline of about 8,118 kms
apart from the inland water resources. During 2016-17, India exported products worth of ₹
37870.90 crore which is about 0.92 per cent of the National Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and
5.23 per cent to the agriculture GVA (2015-16). India is the second largest producer of fish and
also second largest producer of fresh water fish in the world. Fish production increased from
41.57 lakh tonnes (24.47 lakh tonnes for marine and 17.10 lakh tonnes for inland fisheries) in
1991-92 to 107.90 lakh tonnes (35.8 lakh tonnes for marine and 77.69 lakh tonnes for inland
fisheries) in 2016-17(Provisional). During the first two quarters of 2017-18 the fish production is
estimated at 5.80 million tonnes (P).
National Livestock Mission
For sustainable and continuous growth of livestock sector by emulating the success
achieved in dairy and poultry sectors, across species and regions, the National Livestock Mission
was launched in 2014-15 with an approved outlay of X 2,800 crore during XII Plan. This
Mission is formulated with the objectives of sustainable development of livestock sector,
focusing on improving availability of quality feed and fodder, risk coverage, effective extension,
improved flow of credit and organisation of livestock farmers/rearers, etc. with the following
sub-missions: (i) sub-mission on livestock development; (ii) sub-mission on pig development in
north-eastern region; (iii) sub-mission on fodder and feed development; and (iv) sub-mission on
skill development, technology transfer and extension.
With improvement in the quality of livestock through cross-breeding programmes, the
susceptibility of these livestock to various diseases including exotic diseases has increased. In
order to reduce morbidity and mortality, efforts are being made by the state/union territory
governments to provide better health care through polyclinics/veterinary hospitals, dispensaries
and first-aid centres including mobile veterinary dispensaries available in the states.
In order to provide referral services, over and above the existing disease diagnostic
laboratories in the states, one central and five regional disease diagnostic laboratories have been
established which are now fully functional. Further, for control of major livestock and poultry
diseases by way of prophylactic vaccination, the required quantity of vaccines are being
produced in the country at 27 veterinary vaccine production units including 20 in public sector.
While efforts are made to ensure better livestock health in the country, efforts are also being
made to prevent ingress of diseases from outside the country, and to maintain standards of
veterinary drugs and formulations. At present, the Drugs Controller General of India regulates
the quality of veterinary drugs and biologicals.
The first livestock census was conducted during 1919-1920 and since then it is being