411 herbarium specimens were added to the National Herbarium of Cultivated Plants. Out of
28,516 accessions, imported from 39 countries, 2,911 were screened against biotic and 787
against abiotic stresses, and 7,343 were supplied for research use and crop improvement
programme within the country. Ten phytosanitory certificates were issued for export of germ
Major emphasis was to develop new varieties/hybrids tolerant to various biotic and abiotic
stresses with enhanced quality. 209 varieties were developed 117 high-yielding varieties/hybrids
of cereals comprising 65 of rice, 14 of wheat, 24 of maize, 5 of finger millet, 3 of pearl millet, 1
each of sorghum, barley, foxtail millet, kodo millet, little millet and proso millet and released for
cultivation in different agro-ecological regions of the country. Twenty eight high-yielding
varieties of oil seeds, 32 of pulses, 24 of commercial crops (cotton, sugarcane and jute) and eight
of forage crops were released for cultivation in different agro-ecologies.
Improvement of indigenous cattle breeds through selection project was conceptualized for
the genetic improvement of Gir, Kankrej and Sahiwal cattle in their home tracts. Under network
project of buffalo improvement Nli-Ravi, Bhadawari and Swamp breed centres are functioning
as conservation and improvement units whereas Jaffarabadi, Pandarpuri and Surti breed centres
are concentrating on field progeny testing and maintaining the elite herd for bull production and
a breedable herd of 567. All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on goat improvement
covered 13 tribal villages and contributed for a better livelihood security for tribal people as
goats are major source of income to poor people in tribal areas and North-Eastern Hill region.
Under AICRP on poultry breeding all the 12 centres are working on the development of location
specific rural chicken varieties.
A long-term tillage experiment in maize-wheat and rice-wheat system indicated that the
wheat crop was not affected by tillage in rice or maize. Enhancing crop yield per unit water use
through improved agro-techniques involving sprinklers in summer green gram indicated higher
stability in Samrat over IPM 205-7. Sprinkler irrigation resulted in less water use (26.3 per cent)
with higher water productivity (43.2 per cent) and net return (28.4) over flood irrigation.
Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries
Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries activities, along with agriculture, continue to be
an integral part of human life since the process of civilization started. These activities have
contributed not only to the food basket and draught animal power but also by maintaining
ecological balance. Owing to conducive climate and topography, animal husbandry, dairying and
fisheries sectors have played prominent socio-economic role in India. Traditional, cultural and
religious beliefs have also contributed in the continuance of these activities. They further also
play a significant role in generating gainful employment in the rural sector, particularly among
the landless, small and marginal farmers and women, besides providing cheap and nutritious
food to millions of people.