selection from amongst senior civil servants of the state government. Field administration at the
district and sub-divisional levels in India is run by the District Magistrates (Deputy
Commissioners/Collectors), Sub-Divisional Magistrates, Revenue Divisional Officers,
Tehsildars, etc. The Election Commission utilizes these state government officers, for election
work, by designating them as District Election Officers, Electoral Registration Officers,
Returning Officers, Assistant Electoral Registration Officers, Assistant Returning Officers, etc.
During election time, however, they are available to the Commission, more or less, on a full time
During the last 64 years, the Commission has conducted 16 General Elections to the Lok
Sabha and about 365 General Elections to State Legislative Assemblies, thus facilitating peaceful
orderly and democratic transfer of power.
Election Commission of India launched the India International Institute of Democracy and
Election Management (IIIDEM), an advanced resource centre of learning, research, training and
extension for electoral democracy and election management. The Institute presently functions
from New Delhi. Courses are conducted in the Institute for ECI’s field officials and also for
participants from abroad. The Commission is increasingly sharing its expertise and experience
with election management bodies of other countries, and providing electoral assistance and
training based on bilateral requests and multi-lateral arrangements. ECI has MoUs with 16
countries, besides having MoUs with UNDP, International IDEA and IFES.
Relevant Website: www.eci.gov.in