officer/Development Commissioner and one officer nominated by the Planning Commission for
each of the Zonal Councils as Adviser for a period of one year.
The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union.
A state executive consists of Governor and Council of Ministers with Chief Minister as its
head. The Governor of a state is appointed by the President for a term of five years office. Only
Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment to this office. Executive power
of the state is vested in Governor.
The Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as head, aids and advises Governor in
exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise
his functions or any of them in his discretion. In respect of Nagaland, the Governor has special
responsibility under Article 371 A of the Constitution with respect to law and order and even
though it is necessary for him to consult Council of Ministers in matters relating to law and
order, he can exercise his individual judgement as to the action to be taken.
Similarly, in respect of Arunachal Pradesh, the Governor has special responsibility under
Article 371 H of the Constitution with respect to law and order. Governor shall, after consulting
Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgement as to the actions to be taken. These are,
however, temporary provisions. If the President, on receipt of a report from Governor or
otherwise is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for Governor to have special responsibility
with respect to law and order, he may so direct by an order.
Likewise, in the Sixth Schedule which applies to tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura
and Mizoram as specified in para 20 of that schedule, discretionary powers are given to
Governor in matters relating to sharing of royalties between district council and state
government. The Sixth Schedule vests additional discretionary powers in Governors of Mizoram
and Tripura in almost all their functions (except approving regulations for levy of taxes and
money lending by non-tribals by district councils) since December, 1998. In Sikkim, the
Governor has been given special responsibility for peace and social and economic advancement
of different sections of population.
All Governors while discharging such constitutional functions as appointment of Chief
Minister of a state or sending a report to the President about failure of constitutional machinery
in a state or in respect of matters relating to assent to a bill passed by legislature, exercise their
Council of Ministers
The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor who also appoints other ministers on the
advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the
Legislative Assembly of the state.