officer/Development Commissioner and one officer nominated by the Planning Commission for
      each of the Zonal Councils as Adviser for a period of one year.
      The States
           The system of government in states closely resembles that of the Union.
           A state executive consists of Governor and Council of Ministers with Chief Minister as its
      head. The Governor of a state is appointed by the President for a term of five years office. Only
      Indian citizens above 35 years of age are eligible for appointment to this office. Executive power
      of the state is vested in Governor.
           The Council of Ministers with the Chief Minister as head, aids and advises Governor in
      exercise of his functions except in so far as he is by or under the Constitution required to exercise
      his functions or any of them in his discretion. In respect of Nagaland, the Governor has special
      responsibility under Article 371 A of the Constitution with respect to law and order and even
      though it is necessary for him to consult Council of Ministers in matters relating to law and
      order, he can exercise his individual judgement as to the action to be taken.
           Similarly, in respect of Arunachal Pradesh, the Governor has special responsibility under
      Article 371 H of the Constitution with respect to law and order. Governor shall, after consulting
      Council of Ministers, exercise his individual judgement as to the actions to be taken. These are,
      however, temporary provisions. If the President, on receipt of a report from Governor or
      otherwise is satisfied that it is no longer necessary for Governor to have special responsibility
      with respect to law and order, he may so direct by an order.
           Likewise, in the Sixth Schedule which applies to tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura
      and Mizoram as specified in para 20 of that schedule, discretionary powers are given to
      Governor in matters relating to sharing of royalties between district council and state
      government. The Sixth Schedule vests additional discretionary powers in Governors of Mizoram
      and Tripura in almost all their functions (except approving regulations for levy of taxes and
      money lending by non-tribals by district councils) since December, 1998. In Sikkim, the
      Governor has been given special responsibility for peace and social and economic advancement
      of different sections of population.
           All Governors while discharging such constitutional functions as appointment of Chief
      Minister of a state or sending a report to the President about failure of constitutional machinery
      in a state or in respect of matters relating to assent to a bill passed by legislature, exercise their
      own judgement.
      Council of Ministers
           The Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor who also appoints other ministers on the
      advice of the Chief Minister. The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the
      Legislative Assembly of the state.