Administrative Reforms Commission
            The second Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) was constituted in 2005, as a
      Commission of Inquiry for preparing a detailed blueprint for revamping the public administrative
      system. It presented 15 reports for consideration: (i) Right to Information: Master Key to Good
      Governance; (ii) Unlocking Human Capital: Entitlements and Governance – A Case Study; (iii)
      Crisis Management: From Despair to Hope; (iv) Ethics in Governance; (v) Public Order: Justice
      for Each ... Peace for All; (vi) Local Governance; (vii) Capacity Building for Conflict Resolution
      – Friction to Fusion; (viii) Combating Terrorism; (ix) Social Capital – A Shared Destiny; (x)
      Refurbishing of Personnel Administration – Scaling New Heights; (xi) Promoting e-Governance
      – The Smart Way Forward; (xii) Citizen Centric Administration – the Heart of Governance; (xiii)
      Organisational Structure of Government of India; (xiv) Strengthening Financial Management
      System; (xv) state and district Administration. The central government considered 14 out of 15
      reports and the decisions on the accepted recommendations of 2nd ARC are at various stages of
      implementation.
      Right to Information
            The Right to Information Act, 2005 empowers the citizens, promotes transparency and
      accountability in the working of the government, combat corruption and make the democracy
      work for people in real sense. The Act aims at creating an informed citizenry which would be
      better equipped to keep necessary vigil on the instruments of governance and make the
      government more accountable to the governed.
            The Act gives all the citizens the right to seek information held by any authority or body or
      institution of self government established or constituted by or under the Constitution; or by any
      other law made by the Parliament or a state legislature; or by notification issued or order made
      by the central government or a state government. Bodies owned, controlled or substantially
      financed by the central government or a state government and non-government organizations
      substantially financed by the central government or a state government also fall within the
      definition of public authority. The right includes inspection of work, documents and records,
      taking notes, extracts or certified copies of documents or records, taking certified samples of
      material held by the public authority or held under the control of the public authority. It also
      includes information relating to any private body which can be accessed by the public authority
      under any law for the time being in force. There are some categories of information which each
      public authority is required to publish suo moto.
            One has to simply make a request to the Public Information Officer of the office indicating
      the information sought and the address at which the information is required. The request can be
      sent either by post or submitted in person in Hindi, English or in the official language of the area
      and can also be sent through e-mail. If the applicant does not get the information within 30 days
      or the applicant is not satisfied with the reply given to him, he can make an appeal within 30
      days to the appellate authority appointed by the authority who is an officer superior to the Public
      Information Officer. The appellate authority has to decide the appeal within 30 days of the
      receipt of appeal. If the applicant is not satisfied even with the decision of the appellate authority,
      he can file a second appeal with the Central Information Commission or the State Information
      Commission, as the case may be within 90 days. The Central Information Commission entertains
      appeals in respect of offices, financial institutions, public sector undertakings, etc. under the