Administration and National e-Governance Awards and launched first e-Book in 2015. The e-
      Book “Minimum Government – Maximum Governance” is available on the website of the
      Department at http://darpg.gov.in/journal-MGMG.
      International Exchange and Cooperation
           The Department works as the nodal point in respect of matters relating to international
      cooperation in the field of public administration and governance, which includes organizing
      programmes as part of projects/bilateral measures taken up in accordance with the Memorandum
      of Understandings (MoUs)/agreements signed between India and other countries (bilateral or
      multilateral). The purpose of the international cooperation component is to enable the sharing of
      information, best practices and personnel across national government. As a part of its
      international collaborative efforts, the Department of Administrative Reforms and Public
      Grievances (DARPG) explored the possibility of sharing and exchanging administrative
      experiences, the Department signed bilateral MOUs with Britain, France, Malaysia, Portugal,
      Singapore and China and trilateral MoU with South Africa and Brazil (under IBSA). This
      involves exchange of visits and undertaking programmes/projects and activities particularly in
      the area of pubic administration and delivery of services, so as to improve upon the current
      system of governance and instil a greater sense of responsiveness, accountability, transparency,
      and achieving public service excellence in the context of public service delivery good
      governance, public service reform, and capacity building and skills upgradation.
      Cooperation with Commonwealth Association for Public
      Administration and Management
           The Commonwealth Association for Public Administration and Management (CAPAM),
      with its headquarters at Ottawa, Canada, is an organization dedicated to strengthening public
      management and consolidating democracy and good governance in the Commonwealth. It was
      formed in 1994 as a result of decisions taken at the Commonwealth Heads of Government
      meetings in Harare in 1991 and in Cyprus in 1993. Since inception, CAPAM has grown to a
      network of over 1100 members across the Commonwealth countries. The Ministry of Personnel,
      Public Grievances and Pensions, Government of India became an institutional member of
      CAPAM in 1997. The membership enables the Government of India to keep pace with the latest
      developments in the field of public administration, through participation in various programmes
      of CAPAM viz., international innovations awards programme, international innovations
      cascading programme, international meetings, seminars and conferences organized by CAPAM,
      as well as through various publications, journals and study reports. CAPAM recognizes and
      promotes good governance through its award programmes given under four categories. The
      international innovations awards celebrate the spirit of innovation in the public service by
      recognizing organisations that have made significant contributions to improving governance and
      services in the public sector.
      Department of Personnel and Training
           The role of the Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT) can be conceptually divided
      into two parts. In its large nodal role, it acts as the formulator of policy and the watch-dog of the
      government ensuring that certain accepted standards and norms, as laid down by it, are followed