General is to give advice to the Government of India upon such legal matters, and to perform
such other duties of a legal character, as may from time to time be referred or assigned to him by
the President, and to discharge the functions conferred on him by or under the Constitution or
any other law for the time being in force. In the performance of his duties the Attorney-General
shall have the right of audience in all courts in the territory of India. The Attorney-General shall
hold office during the pleasure of the President, and shall receive such remuneration as the
President may determine.
Solicitor General of India
The Solicitor General of India is the government’s chief legal advisor, and its primary
lawyer in the Supreme Court of India. The Solicitor General of India is the secondary law officer
of the country, assists the Attorney-General, and is himself assisted by several Additional
Solicitors General of India. Like the Attorney-General for India, the Solicitor General and the
Additional Solicitors General advise the government and appear on behalf of the Union of India
in terms of the Law Officers (Terms and Conditions) Rules, 1972.
However, unlike the post of Attorney-General for India, which is a Constitutional post
under Article 76, the posts of the Solicitor General and the Additional Solicitors General are
merely statutory. Appointments Committee of the Cabinet appoints the Solicitor General.
The Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 are made by the President of
India under Clause (3) of Article 77 of the Constitution for the allocation of business of the
Government of India. The ministries/departments of the Government are created by the President
on the advice of the Prime Minister under these rules. The business of the government is
transacted in the ministries/departments, secretariats and offices as per the distribution of
subjects specified in these rules. Each of the ministry(ies) is assigned to a minister by the
President on the advice of the Prime Minister. Each department is generally under the charge of a
secretary to assist the minister on policy matters and general administration.
The Cabinet Secretariat functions directly under the Prime Minister. The administrative
head of the Secretariat is the Cabinet Secretary who is also the ex-officio Chairman of the Civil
Services Board. The business allocated to Cabinet Secretariat is (i) secretarial assistance to the
Cabinet and Cabinet Committees; and (ii) rules of business.
The Cabinet Secretariat is responsible for the administration of the Government of India
(Transaction of Business) Rules, 1961 and the Government of India (Allocation of Business)
Rules, 1961, facilitating smooth transaction of business in ministries/departments of the
government by ensuring adherence to these rules. It assists in decision-making by ensuring inter-
ministerial coordination, ironing out differences amongst ministries/departments and evolving
consensus through the instrumentality of the standing and ad hoc Committees of Secretaries. The
Cabinet Secretariat ensures that the President, the Vice-President and ministers are kept informed
of the major activities of all ministries/departments by means of monthly summary of their
activities. Management of major crisis situations in the country and coordinating activities of
various ministries in such a situation is also one of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat. The