Amendment Rules, 2010].
      National Anthem
           The song Jana-gana-mana, composed originally in Bangla by Rabindranath Tagore, was
      adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on
      January 24, 1950. It was first sung on December 27, 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian
      National Congress. The complete song consists of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the full
      version of the National Anthem:
                                     Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
                                          Tava subha name jage, tave
                                                subha asisa mage,
                                              Gahe tava jaya-gatha.
                                      Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
                                            Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
                                             Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
           The playing time of the full version of the National Anthem is approximately 52 seconds. A
      short version consisting of the first and last lines of the National Anthem (playing time
      approximately 20 seconds) is also played on certain occasions. The following is Tagore’s
      English rendering of the anthem:
                                  Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
                                          Dispenser of India’s destiny.
                                  Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sind,
                                              Gujarat and Maratha,
                                    Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
                             It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
                              mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
                                    chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
                                They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
                                   The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
                                       Thou dispenser of India’s destiny.
                                        Victory, victory, victory to thee.
      National Song
           The song Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, was a source
      of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom. It has an equal status with Jana-gana-