Success Tip                        Physics
Rudrama Devi probably began her rule of the Kakatiya        l Reflection from a smooth surface like that of a
kingdom jointly with her father, Ganapatideva, as             mirror is called regular reflection.
his co-regent, from 1261-62. She assumed full sover-        l The unit of resistance is ohm.
eignty in 1263.
Geography and Environment                                   l PET is a very familiar form of polyester. It is used
   l On the basis of distribution, resources can be           for making bottles.
      classified into ubiquitous resources.                                     Success Tip
                      Success Tip                        Polyethylene terephthalate commonly abbreviated
Natural resources are categorized based on distribu-     PET, PETE is the most common thermoplastic poly-
tion: Ubiquitous resources are found everywhere (e.g.,   mer resin of the polyester family and is used in fibres
air, light, water); and Localized resources are found    for clothing, containers for liquids and foods,
only in certain parts of the world (e.g., copper and     thermoforming for manufacturing.
iron ore, geothermal power).                                l Carbon dioxide is heavier than oxygen.
   l Uranium found in Ladakh is an example of po-        Biology
      tential resources.
                                                            l The longest bone in human body is Femur.
                      Success Tip                           l Opposite the micropylar end, is the chalaza, rep-
Natural resources are categorized based on the stage          resenting the basal part of the ovule.
of development: Potential resources are known to exist                          Success Tip
and may be used in the future. Actual resources are
those that have been surveyed, their quantity and        The ovule is the structure that gives rise to and con-
quality determined, and are being used in present        tains the female reproductive cells. It consists of three
times.                                                   parts: The integument(s) form its outer layer(s), the
                                                         nucellus (or remnant of the megasporangium), and
   l In India, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pol-   female gametophyte in its center.
      lution) Act came into force in 1981, but was
                                                            l In unicellular organisms, all functions like di-
      amended in 1987 to include noise as an air pol-
                                                              gestion, respiration and reproduction are per-
                                                              formed by one (1) cell.
   l The Indian State of Sikkim shares a border with
      Nepal, Bhutan and China.                           Sports
Polity                                                      l The winner of 2017 Australian Grand Prix was
                                                              Sebastian Vettel.
   l Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) was founded
      in 1999.                                           Miscellaneous
   l Right to Freedom of Religion Fundamental Right         l if..., if...
                                                                     else and if...else if...
                                                                                        else are the three differ-
      in the Indian Constitution states that every per-       ent forms of "if" statement.
      son has the right to practice, profess and propa-     l In April 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi in-
      gate the religion of their choice.                      augurated phase-I (Link-2) pipeline canal of the
                      Success Tip                             ambitious Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irriga-
                                                              tion (SAUNI) in Gujarat.
Right to freedom of religion, covered in Articles 25,
26, 27 and 28, provides religious freedom to all citi-                          Success Tip
zens of India. The objective of this right is to sustain Saurashtra Narmada Avtaran Irrigation is a project
the principle of secularism in India.                    launched by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi with
                                                         objective of filling 115 major dams by diverting flood-
Economy                                                  waters overflowing from the Sardar Sarovar Dam
   l For a price taking firm, average revenue is equal   across the Narmada River to the drought areas.
      to market price.                                      l The vacuum pump is invented by Otto von Guericke.
   l The study of individual markets of demand and          l The Best Actress in a Leading Role in 62nd
      supply in which the "players", or the decision          Filmfare Awards 2017 won by Alia Bhatt.
      makers, were also individuals (buyers or sellers,     l Author and their related novel
      even companies) who were seen as trying to maxi-        Author                        Novel
      mize their profits (as producers or sellers) and        a. John Steinbeck             The Grapes of Wrath
      their personal satisfaction or welfare levels (as       b. Ayn Rand                   The Fountainhead
      consumers) is called Microeconomics.
                                                              c. Ann Leckie                 Ancillary Justice