SSC CAPFs ASI & DP SI Exam                        of the lowest elevation in North America, at 86 m
      Held on: 07.07.2017 2nd Shift                      below sea level.
                                                            l Day and night cycle on the earth is due to rota-
Ancient History                                               tion of earth.
   l Mahavira was born in Kundagrama.                       l During solar eclipse, the moon is at the center.
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Mahavira, also known as Vardhamana, was the twen-        A solar eclipse is a type of eclipse that occurs when
ty-fourth Tirthankara of Jainism. In the Jain tradi-     the Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and
tion, it is believed that Mahavira was born in the       when the Moon fully or partially blocks the Sun.
early part of the 6th century BC into a royal family        l ‘Project Snow Leopard’ was launched in India in 2009.
in what is now Bihar, India.
                                                            l Pollutants and their related industry
   l The founder of Kushan Empire was Kujula Kad-                Pollutant              Industry
                                                              a. Tertiary ammonium Soap Industry
                      Success Tip                                salt
Kujula Kadphises was a Kushan prince who united               b. Bleaching liquor       Paper and Pulp Industry
the Yuezhi confederation during the 1st century CE,           c. Cellulose fibers       Paper and Pulp Industry
and became the first Kushan emperor. According to
                                                            l Energy, radiation and water are the Abiotic com-
the Rabatak inscription, he was the great grandfa-
                                                              ponents of environment whereas green plant is a
ther of the great Kushan king Kanishka I.                     Biotic component.
   l The capital of Pallava Dynasty was Kanchipuram.        l Uranus was discovered by William Herschel.
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The Pallava dynasty was a South Indian dynasty that      Uranus is the seventh planet from the Sun. It has
existed from 275 CE to 897 CE, ruling a portion of       the third-largest planetary radius and fourth-largest
what is today southern India. They gained promi-         planetary mass in the Solar System.
nence after the eclipse of the Satavahana dynasty,
whom the Pallavas served as feudatories.                 Polity
                                                            l The final decision-making power must rest with
   l The oldest Veda is Rigveda.
                                                              those elected by the people in democratic gov-
Modern History                                                ernment.
   l Sarojini Naidu attended the Second Round Ta-           l Finance Minister, Defence Minister and Foreign
     ble Conference with Mahatma Gandhi.                      Minister are the part of political executive.
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The Second Round Conference opened on September          The executive is the organ exercising authority in
7, 1931. Gandhi represented Indian National Con-
                                                         and holding responsibility for the governance of a
gress and Sarojini Naidu represented Indian women.
                                                         state. The executive executes and enforces law.
It was held in London.
                                                            l Formation of a new state in India is done by Sim-
Geography and Environment                                     ple Majority.
   l National Waterway – 1 is on Ganga – Bhagirathi
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     – Hoogli River.
                                                         Simple Majority refers to the majority of more than
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                                                         50% of the members present and voting. This is also
The National Waterway 1 is located in India and runs
                                                         known as functional majority or working majority.
from Haldia (Sagar) to Allahabad across the Ganges,
                                                         The simple majority is the most frequently used form
Bhagirathi and Hooghly river systems. It is 1,620 km
long, making it the longest waterway in India.           of majority in Parliamentary business.
   l The name of the bridge that connects India and         l Article 370 of Indian Constitution gives special
     Sri Lanka is Adams Bridge.                               status to Jammu and Kashmir.
                      Success Tip                           l 42nd amendment is also known as Mini – Con-
Adams Bridge is a chain of limestone shoals, between          stitution.
Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off                           Success Tip
the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Man-   The Forty-second Amendment of the Constitution of
nar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.    India was enacted during the Emergency (25 June
   l ‘Death valley’ is located in United States of Amer- 1975 – 21 March 1977) by the Indian National Con-
     ica.                                                gress government headed by Indira Gandhi.
                      Success Tip                           l There are 25 parts in the Indian Constitution.
Death Valley is a desert valley located in Eastern          l Fundamental Rights are given in Part III of the
California. Death Valley’s Badwater Basin is the point        Indian Constitution.