a further continuation of the chain to the north into
       SSC CAPFs ASI & DP SI Exam
                                                        the Arctic Ocean.
      Held on: 06.07.2017 2nd Shift
                                                           l Earth is at the centre during lunar eclipse.
Medieval History                                                              Success Tip
   l Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun in the battle      A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes directly
     of Chausa.                                         behind the Earth into its umbra. This can occur only
                                                        when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are aligned exactly,
                      Success Tip
                                                        or very closely so, with the Earth in the middle.
Battle of Chausa was fought on 26 June 1539 at
                                                           l Kuroshio, Brazilian and Gulf-Stream are the
Chausa, southwest of Buxar in modern-day Bihar.
Sher Shah was victorious and crowned himself Farid            ocean current whereas Jet-Stream is wind.
al-Din Sher Shah.                                                             Success Tip
Modern History                                          An ocean current is a continuous, directed move-
   l Siraj-ud-Daulah renamed Calcutta as Alinagar.      ment of seawater generated by forces acting upon this
                                                        mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Corio-
                      Success Tip
                                                        lis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differ-
The Treaty of Alinagar was signed on February 9, 1757   ences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull
between Robert Clive of the British East India Com-     of the Sun and Moon.
pany and the Nawab of Bengal, Mirza Muhammad
Siraj Ud Daula.                                            l Pollutants and their related industry
   l Salt Satyagraha was initiated in 1930.                      Pollutant                    Industry
                      Success Tip                             a. Bleaching Liquor             Paper and Pulp
The Salt Satyagraha was an act of nonviolent civil
disobedience in colonial India initiated by Mahatma           b. Cellulose fibers             Paper and Pulp
Gandhi to produce salt from the seawater in the                                               Industry
coastal village of Dandi. The 24-day march began from         c. Drugs and antibiotics        Pharmaceuticals
12 March 1930 and continued until 6 April 1930.                                               Industry
   l ‘Amar Shonar Bangla’ the national anthem of           l Green plants, non-green plants and decompos-
     Bangladesh was composed by Rabindranath                  ers are biotic component of environment where-
                                                              as gravity is an Abiotic component.
                      Success Tip                          l ‘Project Elephant’ was launched in India in
The song was written in 1905 during the first parti-          1992.
tion of Bengal, when the ruling British Empire had
an undivided India"s province of Bengal split into two                        Success Tip
parts; the decision was announced on 19 July by the
                                                        Project Elephant was launched in 1992 by the Gov-
then-Viceroy of India Lord Curzon, taking effect on
16 October.                                             ernment of India Ministry of Environment, Forest
   l Tipu Sultan is also known by the name of ‘Tiger    and Climate Change to provide financial and tech-
     of Mysore’.                                        nical support of wildlife management efforts by states
                                                        for their free ranging populations of wild Asian Ele-
Geography and Environment                               phants.
   l National Waterway-2 is on Brahamputra River.
                      Success Tip
National Waterway 2 (NW-2) is a section of the Brah-       l Martial law is a system of rules that takes effect
maputra River having a length of 891 km between               when a military authority takes control of nor-
the Bangladesh border and Sadiya. It was declared             mal administration of justice.
as National Waterway No. 2 on 1 September, 1988.           l The rulers are elected by the people in democrat-
   l Banaras is located on the banks of Ganga River.          ic government.
   l Ural mountain range is located in Russia.             l Federalism is an institutional mechanism to ac-
                      Success Tip                             commodate two sets of polities – one at the re-
                                                              gional level and the other at the national level.
The mountain range forms part of the conventional
boundary between the continents of Europe and Asia.        l Chairman of Union Public Service Commission
                                                              is appointed by the President of India.
Vaygach Island and the islands of Novaya Zemlya form