Success Tip                            l The common name of sodium carbonate is wash-
                                                                ing soda.
Second World War was a global war that lasted from
                                                             l Potassium is most reactive in nature.
1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier.
It involved the vast majority of the world"s countries.   Biology
   l Indian Constitution describes India as ‘Union of        l Guard cells surround stomata.
      State’ in Article 1.
   l Socialist and Secular were added to Preamble of                            Success Tip
      Indian Constitution in 42nd Constitutional          Guard cells are specialized cells in the epidermis of
      Amendment Act.                                      leaves, stems and other organs that are used to con-
   l Indian Constitution provides five (5) type of writs. trol gas exchange. They are produced in pairs with a
                                                          gap between them that forms a stomatal pore.
                      Success Tip
                                                             l Male gamets are called as sperms.
There are five types of writs under Indian constitu-
tion: Habeas Corpus, Mandamus, Certiorari, Prohi-                               Success Tip
bition and Quo-Warranto.                                  A gamete is a haploid cell that fuses with another
   l Theories and their related concepts                  haploid cell during fertilization (conception) in or-
         Theories                 Concepts                ganisms that sexually reproduce.
      a. Marxian Theory           Class struggle             l Body undergoes changes leading to reproductive
      b. Realist Theory           Power                         maturity at adolescence period of life.
      c. Game Theory              Pay off                    l Cell wall organells are present only in plant cell.
   l Constitution of India was described as ‘quasi-          l Two bones are connected to each other by con-
      federal’ by K.C. Wheare.                                  nective tissue called as ligament.
Economy                                                      l Blood group was discovered by Karl Landsteiner.
   l Cloth industry comes under secondary sector of       Sports
      Indian Economy.                                        l ‘Faster, Higher, Stronger’ is motto for Olympics
                      Success Tip                               Games Event.
The secondary sector include industries that produce      Miscellaneous
a finished, usable product or are involved in con-
                                                             l The output devices are speaker and plotter.
                                                             l IBM 701, IBM 702, IBM 650 are examples of first
   l In capitalist economic system, the goods produced          generation computer.
      are distributed among people not on the basis of
                                                             l Under MUDRA Bank, loan ranging from Rs
      what people need but on the basis of Purchasing
                                                                50,000 to Rs 5,00,000 is categorized under Kishor.
                                                             l ‘Jamini Roy’ was associated with painting.
   l Income tax is an example of progressive tax.
                                                             l Pink film has been awarded with Best film on
   l ‘New Economic Policy’ was announced in India
                                                                Social Issue in 64th National Film Awards.
      in 1991.
                                                             l ‘My Country My Life’ is written by Lal Krishna
Physics                                                         Advani.
   l Water converts to water vapour at 373 K.                l South Africa was the fifth country to join BRICS.
   l The unit of frequency is Hertz.                                            Success Tip
Chemistry                                                 BRICS is the acronym for an association of five ma-
   l Spinach contains Oxalic Acid.                        jor emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, In-
                                                          dia, China and South Africa. Originally the first four
   l Iodine ion is a negatively charged ion but calci-
                                                          were grouped as “BRIC” (or “the BRICs”), before the
      um ion, zinc ion and silver ion are positively
                                                          induction of South Africa in 2010.
      charged ion.
                                                             l Kaladan transport project is between India and
                      Success Tip
Positive ions, or cations, are formed by the loss of
                                                                                Success Tip
electrons; negative ions, or anions, are formed by the
gain of electrons. An atom that has either lost or        The Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project
gained one or more electrons, so that it has an elec-     is a project that will connect the eastern Indian sea-
trical charge. Ions can be either positively or nega-     port of Kolkata with Sittwe seaport in Rakhine State,
tively charged.                                           Myanmar by sea.