Success Tip
       SSC CAPFs ASI & DP SI Exam
       Held on: 05.07.2017 2nd Shift                   A stalagmite is a type of rock formation that rises
                                                       from the floor of a cave due to the accumulation of
Ancient History                                        material deposited on the floor from ceiling drippings.
  l Shatughai (Indus Valley Civilization site) is in      l Humboldt current, Oyashio current and Canary
      Afghanistan.                                           current are cold current whereas Brazil current
                                                             is a warm current.
  l Mohenjo-daro was locally named as mound of
      dead.                                                                  Success Tip
                     Success Tip                       An ocean current is a continuous, directed move-
                                                       ment of seawater generated by forces acting upon this
Mohenjo-daro is an archaeological site in the prov-    mean flow, such as breaking waves, wind, the Corio-
ince of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2500 BCE, it     lis effect, cabbeling, temperature and salinity differ-
was one of the largest settlements of the ancient In-  ences, while tides are caused by the gravitational pull
dus Valley civilization.                               of the Sun and Moon.
                                                          l Cumulonimbus clouds are responsible for rain-
Medieval History                                             fall.
  l Qutub Minar of Delhi was built in 12th century.
                                                                             Success Tip
                     Success Tip                       Cumulonimbus is a dense towering vertical cloud
Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of the Delhi Sultanate,     associated with thunderstorms and atmospheric in-
started construction of the Qutub Minar"s first sto-   stability, forming from water vapor carried by power-
rey around 1192. In 1220, Aibak"s successor and son-   ful upward air currents.
in-law Iltutmish completed a further three storeys.       l Jhum cultivation refers to shifting agriculture.
  l The Panch Mahal at Fatehpur Sikri was con-                               Success Tip
      structed by Akbar.
                                                       Jhum cultivation, also known as the slash and burn
                     Success Tip                       agriculture, is the process of growing crops by first
The Panch Mahal, also known as “Badgir” meaning        clearing the land of trees and vegetation and burning
wind catcher tower, was commissioned by sikarwar       them thereafter.
rajputs.                                                  l Forest ecosystem has highest bio-mass.
                                                          l The main aim of Ramsar Convention was con-
Modern History                                               servation of wetlands.
  l The founder of Indian National Congress was A.                           Success Tip
      O. Hume.
                                                       A wetland is a land area that is saturated with water,
                     Success Tip                       either permanently or seasonally, such that it takes
                                                       on the characteristics of a distinct ecosystem.
INC was formed on 28 December 1885 by 72 individ-
uals with the active help by A.O Hume, a retired Brit- Polity
ish officer.
                                                          l Holding together federation is seen in India.
Geography and Environment                                 l Terms and their related meaning
                                                                Term           Meaning
  l Winter solstice is observed in Southern Hemi-
      sphere on 21st June.                                   a. Executive      A body of persons having au-
                                                                               thority to initiate major poli-
                     Success Tip                                               cies, make decisions and imple-
The solstice occurs twice each year as the Sun reach-                          ment them on the basis of the
es its most northerly or southerly excursion relative                          constitution and laws of the
to the celestial equator on the celestial sphere.
                                                             b. Judiciary      An institute empowered to ad-
  l Stalagmite is a kind of special deposition that is                         minister justice and provide a
      caused by underground water.                                             mechanism for the resolution of
                                                                               legal disputes.
                                                             c. Legislature    An assembly of people’s repre-
                                                                               sentatives with the power to
                                                                               enact laws for a country.
                                                          l A democratic government rules within limits set
                                                             by constitutional law and citizen right.