SSC CGL GENERAL AWARENESS Pointers
l Carbon dioxide is considered to be a pollutant. l Five Year Plans and their related years
Success Tip Five Year Plan Year
a. First Five Year Plan 1951-1956
An air pollutant is a substance in the air that can have
adverse effects on humans and the ecosystem. The sub- b. Third Five Year Plan 1961-1966
stance can be solid particles, liquid droplets, or gases. c. Fifth Five Year Plan 1974-1978
A pollutant can be of natural origin or man-made. d. Eight Five Year Plan 1992-1997
e. Eleventh Five Year Plan 2007-2012
Polity l Fifteen (15) Miniratna companies are there in
l When power is shared among different organs of Category – II.
government, then it known as separation of pow-
ers. Success Tip
l Coalition form of government is sharing of pow- As on 13 September 2017, there are 8 Maharatnas,
er by two or more political parties. 16 Navratnas and 74 Miniratnas. Miniratnas is di-
l Democratic government is based on free and fair vided in two categories. In category – I, there are 59
election where those currently in power have a companies.
fair chance of losing. l GNP – depreciation allowances = NNP
l The minimum age required to become a member
of Rajya Sabha is thirty (30) years. Physics
l Since Independence, National Emergency has l Jet engine works on the principal of conserva-
been declared three (3) times in India. tion of linear momentum.
Success Tip Success Tip
National Emergency duration Linear momentum is the product of the mass and
l Between 26 October 1962 to 10 January 1968 velocity of an object. It is a three-dimensional vector
during the India-China war quantity, possessing a direction and a magnitude.
l Between 3 December 1971 to 21 March 1977 origi- l The level of water in a vessel remains same when
nally proclaimed during the Indo Pakistan war and a piece of ice floating in it melts.
l Between 25 June 1975 to 21 March 1977 under l The mass is a measure of inertia.
controversial circumstances of political instabil-
l The instrument used to study the laws of vibrat-
ing string is sonometer.
l The Speaker of Lok Sabha presides over a joint
sitting of both the houses summoned by the Pres- Chemistry
ident of India.
l Silicon is used in Solar Panels, ICs and optical
l The Presidents Rule can be extended in India with
glass but it is not used in ink pen.
the approval of Parliament in every six months
for 3 years. l Boron is used as control rod in Atomic reactor.
l The minimum number of members required to be l Nitro Glycerol is used for the preparation of dy-
present in any one of the two houses of Parlia- namite.
ment for its functioning is one-tenth (1/10th) of l Nitrogen dioxide is added to commercial nitric
total members. acid to make it coloured.
l Planned Economy in India is based on socialist l An example of Ball and Socket joint in humans
system. is Hip Joint.
Success Tip Success Tip
A planned Economy is a type of economic system where The ball and socket joint is a type of synovial joint in
investment and the allocation of capital goods is de- which the ball-shaped surface of one rounded bone
termined by an Economy-wide plan of production. fits into the cup-like depression of another bone.
l Planning Commission was constituted in India l BT seed have been developed for Cotton.
l Lemon contains highest amount of Vitamin C.
The Planning Commission was an institution in the
Vitamin C is an essential nutrient involved in the
Government of India, which formulated India"s Five-
repair of tissues and the making of certain neu-
Year Plans, among other functions. In 2015, Plan-
ning Commission was replaced by the newly formed
NITI Aayog. l Dolly was an example of cloned sheep.