l Rotational axis of Uranus is highly tilted.           l The meaning of ‘Laissez Faire Policy’ is that an
   l Near coastal areas, temperature on land in day           economic system should be free from government
     time gets reduced due to sea breeze.                     intervention or moderation and to be driven on
   l Washington D.C. is located on the banks of river         by market forces.
   l The difference of time between any two consecu-
     tive longitudes is 4 minutes.                         l Mass of an object is:
   l The approximate height of any geostationary sat-         • Physical Quantity
     ellite from earth’s surface is 36000 km.                 • Fundamental Quantity
   l Four (4) ecological hotspots are present in India.       • Scalar Quantity
                     Success Tip                           l When a bus starts suddenly, then passengers in
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Western              the bus tend to fall backwards. This event is an
Ghats, the Himalayas, the Indo-Burma region and               example of inertia of rest.
the Sundaland [Includes Nicobar group of Islands].         l Momentum of an object depends on mass and
These hotspots have numerous endemic species.                 speed of the object.
                                                           l The main cause of energy radiated from sun is
Polity                                                        nuclear fusion.
   l The head of Municipal Corporation is Mayor.
                                                                             Success Tip
                     Success Tip                        Nuclear fusion is a reaction in which two or more
A Municipal Corporation is a local government in        atomic nuclei come close enough to form one or more
India that administers urban areas with a popula-       different atomic nuclei and subatomic particles (neu-
tion of more than one million. The 74th Amendment       trons or protons).
made the provisions relating to urban local govern-
ments.                                                  Chemistry
   l Feminist form of government believes in giving        l Glass, cement and steel are not pure elements
     equal rights and opportunities for women and             whereas sodium is a pure element.
   l The Vice President can act as the President in                          Success Tip
     case of vacancy in the President’s office for the  A pure element means a substance whose atoms all
     maximum period of 6 months.                        (or in practice almost all) have the same atomic num-
   l Currently twenty-two (22) languages are recog-     ber, or number of protons.
     nized by Indian Constitution.                         l Sodium bicarbonate is chemical name of baking
   l Judge of Supreme Court, Attorney General of India        soda.
     and Chief Justice of India are appointed by the       l Atomic mass number is determined by adding
     President of India.                                      number of protons and neutrons.
   l Article 1 describes India also as Bharat.             l The ‘Periodic Law’ was given by Dmitri Mendeleev.
   l Prohibition writ is issued by a higher court to a
     lower court.                                       Biology
                     Success Tip                           l Protoplasm is considered as physical basis of life.
A writ of prohibition is a writ directing a subordinate    l The ‘Father of Zoology’ is Aristotle.
to stop doing something the law prohibits.                 l The genetics branch of Biology is related with
                                                              study of heredity and variations.
Economy                                                    l The vestigial organs in human body are Thymus
   l In Indian Economy, the sectors are divided into          Gland, Wisdom Teeth and Pharynx.
     Private and Public on the basis of ownership of
     enterprises.                                                            Success Tip
   l Output method is used to measure agricultural      Vestigial organs are organs of the body which are
     income in India.                                   smaller and simpler than those in related species.
   l The National Income in India for the first time    They have lost, or almost lost their original func-
     was estimated by Dadabhai Naoroji.                 tion.
   l GDP – indirect taxes + subsidies = GDP at factor      l Bile is produced by liver.
     cost.                                                 l ß cells secret insulin.
   l Establishment of Chittaranjan Locomotive took         l Plants which grow in salty water near shore are
     place during First Five Year Plan.                       called as halophytes.