Success Tip                           l   The hypothesis that rapid growth of per capita
 He was a key figure in the introduction of the Indian          income will be associated with a reduction in
 philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga to the Western                poverty is called trickle down Hypothesis
 world and is credited with raising interfaith                                   Success Tip
 awareness, bringing Hinduism to the status of a         Trickledown Hypothesis describe the belief that if
 major world religion during the late 19th century. He
                                                         high income earners gain an increase in salary, then
 was a major force in the revival of Hinduism in India,
                                                         everyone in the economy will benefit as their increased
 and contributed to the concept of nationalism in
                                                         income and wealth filter through to all sections in
 colonial India
Physical Geography                                          l According to Keynes, business cycles are due to
   l  The mountain formed on the earth crust due to             variation in the rate of investment caused by fluc-
      tension is called Block mountain                          tuations , in the marginal efficiency of capital
                      Success Tip                           l The main emphasis of Keynesian economics is
                                                                on expenditure
 Block Mountains are formed by the movement of
 large crustal blocks when forces in the Earth’s crust      l In India the largest single item of current gov-
 pull it apart. Some parts of the Earth are pushed              ernment expenditure is Interest payment of debt
 upward and others collapse down                            l The demand of a factor of production is derived
  2. In ‘Biodiversity, many types of flora & fauna      Physics
      is found in one forest
                                                            l   A particle is moving in a uniform circular mo-
General Geography                                               tion with constant speed v along a circle of ra-
   l  Hindustan Zinc Ltd is headquartered in Udaipur            dius r. The acceleration of the particle is V/r2
                      Success Tip                           l   Thermopile can be used to detect radiant heat
 Hindustan Zinc Limited (HZL) is an integrated              l   In the Formation of rainbow the phenomenon
 mining and resources producer of zinc, lead, silver            of total internal reflection of light is used
 and cadmium. It is a subsidiary of Vedanta Resources       l   Period of oscillation of 3 cm microwaves in sec-
 PLC                                                            onds is 1 x 10-10
   l Leaving agricultural land uncultivated for some        l   The sky appears blue due to Rayleigh scatter-
      years known as Fallowing                                  ing
                      Success Tip                                                Success Tip
 Fallow is the stage of crop rotation in which the land  Rayleigh scattering refers to the scattering of light
 is deliberately not used to raise a crop. Ground may    off of the molecules of the air, and can be extended
 be fallowed as part of a larger crop rotation plan or   to scattering from particles up to about a tenth of
 as a method to conserve moisture as in the summer       the wavelength of the light
 fallow technique used in dry land farming
   l  To conserve coral reefs, the Government of In-
      dia declared Gulf of Kutch as Marine Park             l   Sodium is very reactive and kept in kerosene
   l  Gujarat is the leading cotton producer in India       l   In the periodic table of elements, on moving from
                                                                left to right across a period, the atomic radius
Polity and Constitution                                         decreases
   l  The main feature of the Federal State is Dece-        l   Vulcanized rubber contains sulphur 3-5%
      ntralisation                                          l   Uric acid is the chief nitrogenous wastes in Birds
                      Success Tip                           l   Galena is a metallic ore
 Decentralization is the process of redistributing or                            Success Tip
 dispersing functions, powers, people or things away
 from a central location or authority                    It is the most important ore of lead and an important
                                                         source of silver.
   l Public opinion is the opinion of the majority
   l To develop scientific temper, humanism and         Biology
      the spirit of enquiry and reform is included in       l   Movement of hairs in Drosera is referred to as
      the list of Fundamental Duties of an Indian cit-          Thigmotropism
      izen in the Constitution
                                                                                 Success Tip
Economy                                                  Thigmotropism is a movement in which a plant
   l  If the average revenue is a horizontal straight    moves or grows in response to touch or contact
      line, marginal revenue will be Identical with      stimuli. The prefix thigmo- comes from the Greek
      average revenue                                    for “touch”. Usually thigmotropism occurs when